Quran

LINKS: 
Read the Quran Interlinear Arab-English 
Read the Quran Traslitterated

The Quran (/kɔːrˈɑːn/ kor-ahn; Arabic: القرآن‎‎ al-Qurʾān, literally meaning “the recitation”; also romanized Qur’an or Koran) is the central religious Book of Islam, which Muslims believe to be a revelation from GOD (Arabic: الله‎‎, ALLAH). It is widely regarded as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. The Quran is divided into chapters called suras, which are then divided into verses called ayahs.

Muslims believe the Quran was verbally revealed by GOD to Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel (Jibril), gradually over a period of approximately 23 years, beginning on 22 December 609 CE, when Muhammad was 40, and concluding in 632, the year of his death. Muslims regard the Quran as the most important miracle of Muhammad, a proof of his prophethood, and the culmination of a series of divine Messages that started with the Messages revealed to Adam and ended with Muhammad. The word “Quran” occurs some 70 times in the Text of the Quran, although different names and words are also said to be references to the Quran.

According to the traditional narrative, several companions of Muhammad served as scribes and were responsible for writing down the revelations. Shortly after Muhammad’s death, the Quran was compiled by his companions who wrote down and memorized parts of it. These codices had differences that motivated the Caliph Uthman to establish a standard version now known as Uthman’s codex, which is generally considered the archetype of the Quran known today. There are, however, variant readings, with mostly minor differences in meaning.

List of Surahs in Quran

# Arabic Name Transliterated Name English Name Verses  Order Revelation Location
and Period
Topic and Themes
1 ،الفاتحةأم الكتاب، أم القرآن، السبع المثاني، الحمد، الشفاء، سورة الصلاة، الأساس Al-Fatiha

aka: Umm ul-Kitab, Umm ul-Qur’an, As-Sab’ ul-Mathani, Al-Hamd, Ash-Shifa’, Surat As-Salah, Al-‘Asas

The Opening

aka: Mother of the Book, Mother of the Koran, The Oft-Recited Seven, Praise, The Cure, Chapter of the Prayer, The Foundation

7 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) -The fundamental
principles of
the Qur’an in a condensed form.
-A prayer to GOD which
encompasses all needs.
2 البقرة Al-Baqara The Cow 286 40 Medina phase
(622 – 632 AD). Except 281 from Mina at the time
of the Last Hajj
Believers, disbelievers, and hypocrites

Creation of Adam and the fall

The errors committed by the Children
of Israel, past and present

Abraham and Ishmael building
the Kaaba

Acts of worship
(Qibla, fasting in Ramadan,
Hajj, Charity)

Legal ordinances and
social relations
(dietary restrictions,
warfare, intoxicants and gambling,
orphans, marriage and divorce, usury,
economic contracts, etc)

The story about Joshua, Saul, David,
and Goliath

Ayatul Kursi (v. 255)

GOD’s power to give and take life

3 آل عمران Al Imran The House of Joachim 200 20 Medina phase
(622 – 632 AD)
The oneness of God

The interpretation of the Qur’an

Births of Mary, John, and Jesus

Miracles of Jesus and relationship
with the apostles

The People of the Book

The Battle of Uhud and the
hypocrites (3 AH)

Those who remember GOD and
call upon Him

4 النساء An-Nisa’ Women 176 24 Medina phase
(622 – 632 AD)
Unity of the human race
and the mutual obligations of men and women
towards one another
(v. 1)
Questions
related to family life
(including marriage
and inheritance)
and emphasis on justice
Rights of womenPeace and war and the hypocritesPeople
of the Book
5 المائدة Al-Ma’ida The Table Spread 120 16 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD). Except 3, revealed at Arafat on Last Hajj A series of ritual and legal
ordinances (Dietary restrictions,
intermarriage, Wudu,
Hajj, etc)
Extensive discussion of The
People of the Book
6 الأنعام Al-An’am Cattle 165 20 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medina Oneness and uniqueness
of GOD
Refutation of the
polytheists

Refutation of Pre-Islamic s
uperstitions concerning animals,
then countered with
Islamic values

7 الأعراف Al-A’raf The Heights 206 24 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 163-170, from Medina The mission of the prophets

Lessons from the story
of Satan
tempting Adam and
about modesty

Dialogue between the
people in
Heaven and Hell

Stories of Noah, Hud,
Saleh, Lot, and Jethro

Moses and the salvation
of the Israelites and their deviation thereafter

Muhammad, the
unlettered prophet
mentioned in the
Torah and Gospel

ALLAH’s Covenant with
humanity (v. 172)

What happens to those
who discard
ALLAH’s message (v. 175)

8 الأنفال Al-Anfal Spoils of War 75 10 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD). Except 30-36 from Mecca The Battle of Badr (2 A.H.)
and rules of war
Doctrine
of sacrifice through action
9 ،التوبةالبراءة At-Tawbaaka: Al-Bara’a Repentanceaka: The Absolution 129 16 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD). Except last two verses from Mecca How and why to fight the
unbelievers
Criticism of corrupt religious
leaders
Trials during wartime and the fitna
of the hypocrites
Who can receive charityLoyalty and obedience to GOD
and his Prophet
10 يونس Yunus Jonah 109 11 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medina Divine origin of the Qur’an and
that Muhammad did not fabricate it (v. 15-17,
37-38, 94)
Response to challenges made
by the Meccan polytheists
All creatures will return to GODFutility of conjecture
(Polytheism is dismissed as
conjecture)
How different people respond
to guidance:
  • Noah’s people reject
    guidance altogether
  • Pharaoh believes when
    it is too late
  • Jonah’s people believed and
    were saved
11 هود Hud Hud 123 10 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 12, 17, 114, from Medina Continuation of refutation of
the polytheists

Stories of past prophets’ struggles
to comfort and encourage the
Prophet and the believers:

The stories of Noah, Hud, Saleh,
angels bringing Abraham good
news of Isaac, the story of Lot, the
story of Jethro, and quick mention
of Moses

12 يوسف Yusuf Joseph 111 12 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medina The story of Joseph (an illustration
of GOD’s unfathomable direction
of men’s affairs; a comfort to the
Prophet and believers in the
Year of Sadness)
13 الرعد Ar-Ra’d Thunder 43 6 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) GOD’s majesty reflected in the
natural wonders of creation
Revelation and the concequences
of accepting or rejecting it
14 إبراهيم Ibrahim Abraham 52 7 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except 28, 29, from Medina Revelation to lead mankind
from darkness to light
Gratitude and ingratitude to
GOD’s blessings
Patience and trust in GODThe severity of GOD’s punishmentsAbraham’s prayers
15 الحجر Al-Hijr The City of Stone or The Rocky Plain 99 6 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 87, from Medina Inevitability of GOD’s decree

Responses to challenges of the
polytheists

Creation of Adam and Iblis’s
refusal to bow

Angels bring Abraham good news
of Isaac and the story of Lot

Mention of Midian and Thamud

Reminder to the Prophet to have
forbearance and resolution

16 ،النحلالنعم An-Nahlaka: An-Ni’em The Beeaka: The Blessings 128 16 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except the last three verses from Medina The many wonders of creation
and GOD’s blessings on man
Rejection of polytheism and
warnings to the polytheists
Importance of uprightness
and keeping oaths
17 ،الإسراءبني إسراءيل، سبحان Al-Isra’aka: Bani Isra’eel, Subhan The Night Journeyaka: The Children of Israel, Glory 111 12 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medina Muhammad’s mystic night
journey from Mecca to Jerusalem.
The children of Israel
(v. 2-8, 101-104)
18 الكهف Al-Kahf The Cave 110 12 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except 28, 83-101, from Medina A series of parables or allegories
on the theme of faith in GOD versus
excessive attachment to the life
of this world. Including:
  • The men of the
    cave (v. 13-20)
  • The rich man and the
    poor man (v. 32-44)
  • Moses and the unnamed
    sage (v. 60-82)
  • The allegory of
    Dhul-Qarnayn (v. 83-98)
19 مريم Maryam Mary 98 6 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 58 and 71, from Medina The story of Zechariah
and his son John, the precursor
of Jesus (v. 2-15)
The story of Mary and
Jesus (v. 16-37)
20 طه Ta-Ha Ta-Ha 135 8 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 130 and 131, from Medina The guidance offered by
GOD through His prophets
The fundamental truths inherent
in all revealed religions are identical
  • The story of Moses (v. 9-98)
21 الأنبياء Al-Anbiya’ The Prophets 112 7 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) The oneness, uniqueness and
transcendence of GOD
The continuity and intrinsic unity
of all divine revelation
  • Stories of the prophets
    of old (v. 48-91)
  • The believers of all faiths
    belong to one single
    community (v. 92)
22 الحج Al-Hajj The Pilgrimage 78 10 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD). Except 52-55, revealed between Mecca and Medina The Mecca pilgrimage and
some of the rituals connected
with it (v. 25-38)
23 المؤمنون Al-Mu’minoon The Believers 118 6 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) True faith

The evidence of the existence
of an almighty Creator, and man’s
ultimate responsibility before Him

The unity of all religious communities,
broken by man’s egotism, greed and
striving after power (v. 52-53)

The impossibility to believe in GOD, without believing in life after death

24 النور An-Nur Light 64 9 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Mutual relations and ethical rules
between men and women
The mystic parable of the ‘light of
GOD’ (“Verse of Light”). (v. 35)
25 الفرقان Al-Furqan The Criterion 77 6 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 68-70, from Medina The purpose of every divine revelation
is to provide a stable criterion of
true and false
The humanness of every apostle
sent by GOD to man (v. 20)
Divine revelation belongs to GOD’s
creative activity
26 الشعراء Ash-Shu’ara The Poets 227 11 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 197 and 224-227, from Medina Man’s weakness, which causes him
to reject GOD’s message, and worship
power and wealth, etc.
27 النمل An-Naml The Ants 93 7 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD) The legend of King Solomon and the
Queen of Sheba
28 القصص Al-Qasas The Story 88 9 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 52-55 from Medina and 85 from Juhfa at the time of the Hijra Human aspects of the life of Moses
29 العنكبوت Al-Ankabut The Spider 69 7 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD).Except 1-11, from Medina The parable of ‘the spider house’, a
symbol of false beliefs that are
destined to be blown away by the
winds of truth (v. 41)
30 الروم Ar-Rum Byzantium 60 6 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD).Except 17, from Medina Predictions of the near victory of
the Byzantines [over the Persians]
and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.) (v. 1-7)
GOD’s ability to resurrect the dead at
the end of time, and the people’s
ignorance of this
31 لقمان Luqman Luqman 34 4 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 27-29, from Medina The story of Luqman, a legendary
sage, counselling his son (v. 12-19)
32 ،السجدةالمضاجع، الم تنزيل As-Sajdaaka: Al-Madaji’, Alif Lam Meem Tanzeel Prostrationaka: The Beds, Alif Lam Meem Revelation 30 3 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except 16-20, from Medina GOD’s creation

GOD’s revelation and man’s
acceptance or denial

The Day of Judgement

33 الأحزاب Al-Ahzab The Confederates 73 9 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) The War of the Confederates
(5 A.H.) (v. 9-27)
The relationship between
Muhammad and his family
34 سبأ Saba’ Sheba 54 6 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD) The insignificance of the knowledge
accessible to man (v. 9)
The story of the people of Sheba,
as an example of the impermanence
of human power, wealth
and glory (v. 15-20)
Always be conscious of GOD (v. 46)
35 ،فاطرالملائكة Fatiraka: Al-Mala’ika The Originatoraka: Angels 45 5 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD) GOD’s power to create and
resurrect
GOD’s revelation of His will through
His prophets
36 يس Ya Seen Ya Seen 83 5 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 45, from Medina Man’s moral responsibility,
resurrection and GOD’s judgment.
To be recited over the dying and
in the prayers of the dead.
37 الصافات As-Saffat Those Ranged in Ranks 182 5 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD) Resurrection and the certainty
that all human beings will have to
answer before GOD.
Man’s constant need of prophetic
guidance.
  • Stories of earlier
    prophets. (v. 75-148)
38 ،صداوود Sadaka: Dawood Sadaka: David 88 5 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD) Divine guidance and its rejection
by those who are lost in fast pride.
39 ،الزمرالغرف Az-Zumaraka: Al-Ghuraf The Crowdsaka: The Dwellings 75 8 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD) The evidence of the existence and
oneness of GOD in all
manifestations of nature.
GOD forgives all sins to him who
repents before his death.
Allegories of the Last Hour and
the Day of Judgment.
40 ،غافرالمؤمن، الفضل Ghafiraka: Al-Mu’min, Al-Fadhl The Forgiveraka: The Believer, Bounty 85 9 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 56, 57, from Medina Man’s false pride, worship of false
values (wealth, power etc.) and his
denial of divine guidance.
  • Stories of earlier prophets.
41 ،فصلتحم سجدة، المصابيح، الأقوات Fussilataka: Ha Meem Sajda, Al-Masabeeh, Al-Aquat Expoundedaka: Ha Meem Prostration, Lamps, Means of Sustenance 54 6 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) Man’s acceptance or rejection
of divine revelation.
42 ،الشورىحم عسق Ash-Shuraaka: Ha Meem ‘Ain Seen Coff Counselaka: Ha Meem Ain Seen Coff 53 5 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medina GOD is undefinable and
unfathomable. (v. 11, 16)
All prophets taught the oneness
of GOD, so all believers of all
‘denominations’ should see
themselves as ‘one single
community’. (v. 13, 15)
The law of cause and effect:
In the life to come man will only
harvest ‘what his own hands
have wrought’ in this world.
43 الزخرف Az-Zukhruf Gold Ornaments 89 7 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except 54, from Medina To equal anyone or anything with
GOD is spiritually destructive
and logically unacceptable.
People’s blind adherence to the
faith of their forefathers. (v. 22-23)
44 الدخان Ad-Dukhan Smoke 59 3 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) Through revelation worldly
pride is eventually brought to naught.
45 ،الجاثيةالشريعة Al-Jathiyaaka: Ash-Shari’a Kneelingaka: The Clear Path 37 4 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except 14, from Medina The humility with which all human
beings will face their final judgment
on resurrection. (v. 28)
46 الأحقاف Al-Ahqaf The Sand Dunes 35 4 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD). Except 10, 15, 35, from Medina  
47 ،محمدالقتال Muhammadaka: Al-Qital Muhammadaka: Fighting 38 4 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD). Except 13, revealed during Muhammad’s Hijrah Fighting (qital) in GOD’s cause.
48 الفتح Al-Fath Victory 29 4 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD).Revealed while returning from Hudaybiyya The Treaty of Hudaybiyyah (6 A.H.).
49 الحجرات Al-Hujurat The Private Chambers 18 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Social ethics
  • Reverence to Muhammad
    and the righteous leaders
    after him.
  • The brotherhood of all
    believers and all
    mankind. (v. 10, 13)
  • The difference between
    true faith and outward
    observance of religious
    formalities. (v. 14 ff.)
50 ،قالباسقات Qafaka: Al-Basiqat Qafaka: Towering 45 3 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 38, from Medina Death and resurrection.

GOD is closer to man than his
neck-vein. (v. 16)

51 الذاريات Adh-Dhariyat The Scattering Winds 60 3 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)
52 الطور At-Tur The Mountain 49 2 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)
53 النجم An-Najm The Star 62 3 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD). Except 32, from Medina Muhammad’s experience of an
ascension to heaven (Mi’raj, including
his vision of the Sidrat al-Muntaha,
the Lote-Tree of the
Extremity). (v. 13-18)
54 ،القمراقتربت الساعة Al-Qamaraka: Iqtarabat As-Sa’a The Moonaka: The Hour Has Drawn Near 55 3 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 44-46, from Medina  
55 الرحمن Ar-Rahman The Compassionate 78 3 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Everything will pass away, except
the face of GOD. (v. 26-27)
Description of paradise. (v. 46-78)
56 الواقعة Al-Waqi’a The Inevitable 96 3 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 81 and 82, from Medina  
57 الحديد Al-Hadid Iron 29 4 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD)  
58 ،المجادلةالظهار Al-Mujadilaaka: Eth-Thihar She who Disputesaka: Zihar 22 3 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Divorce

Faith and denial

Hypocrisy

The attitude believers should
have toward non-believers.

59 ،الحشربنو نضير Al-Hashraka: Banu Nadeer The Gatheringaka: Banu Nadir 24 3 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) The conflict between the Muslim
community and the Jewish tribe
of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.
60 ،الممتحنةالامتحان، المودة Al-Mumtahinaaka: Al-Imtihan, Al-Mawada She who is Examinedaka: The Examination, Affection 13 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) The believers’ relations with
unbelievers.
61 ،الصفالحواريون، عيسى As-Saffaka: Al-Hawariyoon, Esa The Ranksaka: The Apostles, Jesus 14 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) A call to unity between professed
belief and actual behaviour.
62 الجمعة Al-Jumu’a The Congregation 11 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Obligatory congregational
prayer on Friday.
63 المنافقون Al-Munafiqun The Hypocrites 11 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Hypocrisy.
64 التغابن At-Taghabun Mutual Disposession 18 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD)  
65 ،الطلاقسورة النساء القصرى At-Talaqaka: Surat An-Nisa’ Al-Qusra Divorceaka: The Shorter Chapter of Women 12 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Divorce (waiting period,
remarriage).
66 ،التحريملما تحرم، المتحرم، سورة النبي At-Tahrimaka: Lima Tuharrim, Al-Mutaharrim, Surat An-Nabi Forbiddanceaka: Why do you Forbid?, The Forbidden, Chapter of the Prophet 12 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD) Certain aspects of Muhammad’s
personal and family life.
67 ،الملكتبارك، تبارك الذي بيده الملك، المانع، المنجية Al-Mulkaka: Tabarak, Tabarak Aladhee Biyedihi Al-Mulk, Al-Mani’, Al-Munjiyya Dominionaka: Blessed, Blessed is the One who Holds the Dominion, The Shield, The Savior 30 2 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) Man’s inability to understand
the mysteries of the universe, and
his dependence on guidance
through divine revelation.
68 القلم Al-Qalam The Pen 52 2 Early Mecca phase (610 – 618 AD). Except 17-33 and 48-50, from Medina  
69 الحاقة Al-Haqqa The Undeniable Reality 52 2 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)  
70 ،المعارجالمواقع، سأل Al-Ma’arijaka: Al-Mawaqi’, Sa’ala The Ascending Waysaka: The Impending Matters, Someone Asked 44 2 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) The unwillingness to believe,
caused by the restlessness inherent
in human nature.
71 نوح Nuh Noah 28 2 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) The story of Noah.
  • The struggle against blind
    materialism and the lack of
    spiritual values.
72 الجن Al-Jinn The Jinn 28 2 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD)  
73 المزمل Al-Muzzammil The Enwrapped One 20 2 Early Mecca phase (610 – 618 AD). Except 10, 11 and 20, from Medina  
74 المدثر Al-Muddathir The Covered One 56 2 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) This short early surah outlines
almost all fundamental Qur’anic
concepts.
75 ،القيامةلا أقسم Al-Qiyamaaka: La Uqsimu Resurrectionaka: I Swear 40 2 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD) The concept of resurrection.
76 ،الإنسانهل أتى، الدهر، الأبرار Al-Insanaka: Hal Ataa, Ad-Dahr, Al-Abrar The Humanaka: Hasn’t There Come?, Endless Time, The Pious 31 2 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD)  
77 المرسلات Al-Mursalat Those Sent Forth 50 2 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD). Except 48, from Medina The gradual revelation of the Qur’an.
78 ،النبأالمعصرات، التساءل An-Naba’aka: Al-Mu’sirat, At-Tasa’ul The Tidingaka: Rain Clouds, Questioning one Another 40 2 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD) Life after death.

Resurrection and GOD’s ultimate
judgment.

79 ،النازعاتالساهرة، الطامة An-Nazi’ataka: Es-Sahira, Et-Tomma The Snatchersaka: The Wide Expanse, The Calamity 46 2 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)  
80 ،عبسالصاخة، السفرة Abasaaka: As-Saakha, As-Saffara He Frownedaka: The Piercing Cry, The Scribes 42 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
81 التكوير At-Takwir The Enfolding 29 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) The Last Hour and man’s
resurrection.
82 الإنفطار Al-Infitar The Splitting 19 1 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)  
83 المطففين Al-Mutaffifeen The Defrauders 36 1 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)  
84 ،الإنشقاقانشقت Al-Inshiqaqaka: Inshaqat The Bursting Openaka: Burst Open 25 1 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)  
85 البروج Al-Burooj The Constellations 22 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
86 الطارق At-Tariq The Night Visitant or The Morning Star 17 1 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD)  
87 الأعلى Al-A’la The Highest 19 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
88 الغاشية Al-Ghashiya The Overwhelming Event 26 1 Late Mecca phase (620 – 622 AD)  
89 الفجر Al-Fajr The Dawn 30 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
90 البلد Al-Balad The City 20 1 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD)  
91 الشمس Ash-Shams The Sun 15 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
92 الليل Al-Lail The Night 21 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
93 الضحى Ad-Dhuha The Morning Brightness 11 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) Man’s suffering and GOD’s
justice.
A message of hope and consolation
is given to man from ALLAH’s
past mercies.
Man is bidden to pursue the path
of goodness and proclaim the
bounties of ALLAH.
94 ،الشرحالانشراح Ash-Sharhaka: El-Inshirah Expansionaka: Solace 8 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
95 التين At-Teen The Fig 8 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) A fundamental moral verity,
common to all true religious
teachings.
96 ،العلقاقرأ Al-Alaqaka: Ikra’ The Blood Clotaka: Read! 19 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) The first five verses revealed to
Muhammad. (v. 1-5)
97 القدر Al-Qadr The Night of Power 5 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
98 ،البينةلم يكن Al-Bayyinaaka: Lam Yakun The Clear Proofaka: They will Not 8 1 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD)  
99 الزلزلة Az-Zalzala The Earthquake 8 1 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD)  
100 العاديات Al-‘Adiyat The Chargers 11 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
101 القارعة Al-Qari’a The Catastrophe 11 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
102 التكاثر At-Takathur Vying for Increase 8 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) Man’s greed and tendencies.
103 العصر Al-‘Asr Time 3 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD)  
104 الهمزة Al-Humaza The Slanderer 9 1 Middle Mecca phase (618 – 620 AD)  
105 الفيل Al-Feel The Elephant 5 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) The Abyssinian attack against
Mecca in the year 570 CE, the
Year of the Elephant.
106 قريش Quraysh Quraysh 4 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) The Quraysh, custodians of the
Kaaba, should be thankful to GOD
for protecting them from hunger
and danger.
107 الماعون Al-Ma’oon Assistance 7 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD). Only 1-3 from Mecca; the rest from Medina The meaning of true worship
through sincere devotion and
helping those in need.
108 الكوثر Al-Kawthar Abundance 3 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) Spiritual riches through devotion
and sacrifice.
Hatred results in the cutting off
of all hope.
109 الكافرون Al-Kafiroon Disbelievers 6 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) The correct attitude towards those
who reject faith.
110 النصر An-Nasr Help 3 1 Medina phase (622 – 632 AD).Revealed at Mina on Last Hajj, but regarded as Medinan sura The last complete surah revealed
before Muhammad’s death.
111 ،المسداللهب Al-Masadaka: Al-Lahab Palm Fiberaka: The Flame 5 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) The hostility of Muhammad’s
uncle Abu Lahab.
112 ،الإخلاصالمنفرة، النجاة، المعرفة، المذكرة، نور القرآن Al-Ikhlasaka: Al-Munaffira, An-Najah, Al-Ma’rifa, Al-Mudhekira, Nur Al-Quran Sincerityaka: Casting Away, Deliverance, Recognition, The Reminder, Light of the Quran 4 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) The oneness of GOD.
113 الفلق Al-Falaq Daybreak 5 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) Seek refuge in GOD from evil
of others.
114 الناس An-Nas Mankind 6 1 Early Mecca phase (610-618 AD) Trust in GOD’s protection from
temptations.

 

 

The Quran assumes familiarity with major narratives recounted in the Biblical Scriptures. It summarizes some, dwells at length on others and, in some cases, presents alternative accounts and interpretations of events. The Quran describes itself as a Book of guidance. It sometimes offers detailed accounts of specific historical events, and it often emphasizes the moral significance of an event over its narrative sequence. The Quran is used along with thehadith to interpret sharia law.

Someone who has memorized the entire Quran is called a hafiz. Some Muslims read Quranic ayah (verse) withelocution, which is often called tajwid. During the month of Ramadan, Muslims typically complete the recitation of the whole Quran during tarawih prayers. In order to extrapolate the meaning of a particular Quranic verse, most Muslims rely on the tafsir.