Names and characters in common between Bible and Quran

Chart of names found in both the Bible and the Quran

 

Bible (English) Quran (Arabic) Hebrew Notes Bible Verse Quran Verse
Aaron Hārūn Aharon   Exodus 7:1 Quran 19:28
Abraham Ibrāhīm Avraham   Genesis 17:3–5 Quran 2:124
Adam Ādam Adam   Genesis 5:2 Quran 3:59
Alexander the Great     Most Western and traditional Muslim scholars generally identify Alexander the Great as the “Dhul-Qarnayn”, this ultimately derive from the image of Alexander wearing the horns of the ram-god Zeus-Ammon, as popularised on coins throughout the Hellenistic Near East. and Alexander is mentioned by name in the Deuterocanonical Book of 1 Maccabees. 1 Maccabees 1:1 Quran 18:83
Amram ʿImrān Amram Islamic tradition holds both Amram and Joachim being named the same just like Joachim’s daughter Mary, the mother of Jesus, (“Mariam”) and Amram’s daughter Miriam. Although Islamic studies of the beginning of the 20th century tended to note genealogical discrepancies, in more recent Islamic Studies of the 21st century the general consensus is, according to Angelika Neuwirth, Nicolai Sinai & Michael Marx, that the Quran does not make a genealogical error but instead makes use of Typology.This is, following Wensincks conclusion, supported by the figurative speech of the Quran and the Islamic tradition: “Maryam is called a sister of Hārūn and the use of these three names ‘Imrān, Hārūn and Maryam, has led to the supposition that the Kur’ān does not clearly distinguished between the two Maryams, of the Old and the New Testaments. It is not necessary to assume that these kinship links are to interpreted in modern terms. The words “sister” and “daughter”, like their male counterparts, in Arabic usage can indicate extended kinship, descendance or spiritual affinity. Muslim tradition is clear that there are eighteen centuries between the Biblical ‘Amram and the father of Maryam”. Similarly, Stowasser concludes that “to confuse Mary the mother of Jesus with Mary the sister of Moses and Aaron in Torah is completely wrong and in contradiction to the sound Hadith and the Qur’anic text as we have established”. Exodus 6:20 Quran 3:33
Cyrus the Great Dhul-Qarnayn   a theory that identifies Cyrus with the Dhul-Qarnayn, a figure mentioned in verses 18:83-98 of the Quran, with Cyrus the Great. (He is most commonly identified with Alexander the Great). Proposed by the German philologist G. M. Redslob in 1855, it failed to gain followers among Western scholars, Isaiah 45:1–4 Quran 18:83
King David Dāwūd Dawid   1 Samuel 17:58 Quran 2:251
The Apostles al-Hawariyyūn     Mark 3:16–19 Quran 61:14 [14]
Elijah (Elias) Ilyās Eliyyahu   2 Kings 1:8 Quran 37:123
Elisha al-Yasaʿ Elishaʿ can also be pronounced Alīsaʿ 1 Kings 19:16 Quran 6:86
Enoch Idrīs Chanokh he is not universally identified with Enoch, many Muslim scholars of the classical and medieval periods also held that Idris and Hermes Trismegistus were the same person. Genesis 5:24 Quran 19:56
Ezekiel Ḥizqīl “Dhul-Kifl Yechezkel   Ezekiel 1:3 Quran 38:48
Ezra ʿUzayr Ezra   Ezra 7:1 Quran 9:30
Gabriel Jibrīl Gavri’el   Luke 1:19 Quran 2:97
Gog and Magog Ya’juj wa-Ma’juj Gog U-Magog   Ezekiel 38:2 Quran 21:96
Goliath Jālūṭ Golyat   1 Samuel 17:4 Quran 2:251
Isaac Isħāq Yitzhak   Genesis 17:19 Quran 19:49
Ishmael Ismāʿīl Yishmaʿel   Genesis 16:11 Quran 38:48
Jacob Yaʿqūb Yaʿkov   Genesis 32:1 Quran 19:49
Jethro Šuʿayb Yitro   Exodus 3:1 Quran 26:177
Jesus ʿĪsā Yeshua   Matthew 1:16 Quran 3:59
Joachim or Heli ʿImrān Yehoyaqim Islamic tradition holds both Joachim and Amram being named the same just like Joachim’s daughter Mary, the mother of Jesus, (“Mariam”) and Amram’s daughter Miriam, though the Quran only refers to Joachim with the name of Amram probably as a play on the sharing of names and even calls Mary the sister of Aaron, Muslims see this as connecting the two women from two prophetic households in spirit, Although Many people see this as a mistake, This question was actually reported to have been put across to Muhammed during his time and he replied: “The (people of the old age) used to give names (to their persons) after the names of Apostles and pious persons who had gone before them” Although there is no single evidence that this practice happened in the 1st century BC. Luke 3:23 Quran 19:28
Job ʾAyyūb Iyyov   Job 1:1 Quran 6:84
John the Baptist Yaḥyā Yohanan Yaḥyā means ‘living’ as opposed to Yūḥānna (‘graceful’), which comes from Hebrew Yoḥanan. Luke 1:13 Quran 19:7
Jonah Yūnus “Dhun-Nun” Yonah Possibly derived from Greek Ionas Jonah 3:4 Quran 37:139
Joseph Yūsuf Yosef   Genesis 30:24 Quran 6:84
Lot Lūṭ Lot   Genesis 11:27 Quran 66:10
Lot’s wife Lūṭ‘s wife   She is nameless both in the Bible and in the Quran. Genesis 19:26 Quran 26:170
Mary Maryam Mariam   Matthew 1:16 Quran 19:34
Miriam Mūsā‘s sister Miriam   Exodus 6:20 Quran 28:11
Michael Mīkāīl Mikhael   Revelation 12:7 Quran 19:54
Moses Mūsā Moshe   Exodus 6:20 Quran 33:7
Noah Nūḥ Noah   Genesis 5:29 Quran 33:7
Pharaoh Firʿawn Paroh   Exodus 1:11 Quran 20:60
Queen of Sheba Queen of Sabaʾ; Bilqīs Malkat Saba She is nameless both in the Bible and in the Quran. but The name Bilqīs or Balqīs comes from Islamic tradition. 1 Kings 10:1 Quran 27:29
Saul the King Ṭālūt Sha’ul Literally ‘Tall’; Meant to rhyme with Lūṭ or Jālūṭ. 1 Samuel 17:33 Quran 2:246
Devil or Satan Shaytān / Iblīs HaSatan Iblīs, literally ‘despaired’; Possibly derived from Greek Diabolus. Genesis 3:14 Quran 7:11
Solomon Sulaymān Shlomoh   1 Kings 10:23 Quran 34:12
Terah Āzar (Tāraḥ/Tārakḥ among Arab genealogists and Shiites) Terah There is a disagreement with regards to Āzar being Abraham’s biological father or uncle. It is claimed that Āzar is derived from Syriac Āthar (See Church History Eusebius), which is derived from Hebrew Táraḥ, Thara or Zarah. Genesis 11:24 Quran 6:74
Zechariah Zakariyyā Zekaryah   Luke 1:13 Quran 19:7
Zimri (prince) al-Samiri (Islamic figure) Zimri ben Salu Al-Samīri is derived from Eastern Syriac ‘Zamri, which is derived from Hebrew Zimri. Numbers 25:14 Quran 20:85

 

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