1 In the year of the death of King Uzziah, I saw the LORD sitting on a high and exalted throne, and His lower extremity filled the Temple.
2 Seraphim stood above for Him, six wings, six wings to each one; with two he would cover his face, and with two he would cover his feet, and with two he would fly.
3 And one called to the other and said, “Holy, holy, holy is the LORD [note a] of Hosts; the whole earth is full of His glory.”
Uzziah began his reign when he was only 16 years old, and reigned for 52 years. Overall, he was a righteous king, and 2 Kings 15, 3 says, that “he did what was right in the eyes of the LORD, according to all that his father Amasiah had done. But Uzziah’s life ended dramatically. 2 Chronicles 26, 16 says, “But when he was strong, his heart was lifted, until his destruction, because he transgressed against the LORD his GOD by entering the Temple of the LORD to burn incense on the altar.” He invested himself with a higher task than his own, offering sacrifices like a priest, and in response to this illicit offering GOD struck Uzzia with leprosy, and he remained an isolated leper until his death.
The context, therefore, in which the Prophet’s vision takes place is precisely the year in which a great king and wise man of Israel died, and thus an overview of misfortune for believers, who might wonder why the LORD would allow this evil to happen in Judah.
In the vision stands out especially this throne seated in heaven with the LORD GOD over it as ruler of the universe, and only sovereign kings and judges have this position, those who have authority and sovereignty.
Isaiah was not the only one to see the throne of GOD, almost all those who in the Bible had a vision of the heavens, or were transfigured into heaven, or wrote about it, spoke of the throne of GOD:
The prophet Micah saw the throne of GOD (1 Kings 22, 19)
Job saw the throne of GOD (Job 26, 9)
David saw the throne of GOD (Psalms 9, 4 and 9, 7, 11,4)
The sons of Korah saw the throne of GOD (Psalms 45, 6 ; 47, 8)
Etan the Ezraite saw the throne of GOD (Psalm 89, 14)
Jeremiah saw the throne of GOD (Lamentations 5, 19)
Ezekiel saw the throne of GOD (Ezekiel 1, 26, 10, 1)
Daniel saw the throne of GOD (Daniel 7, 9)
And in the New Testament the Apostle John saw the throne of GOD (Revelation 4, 1-11). In fact, the book of Revelation can also be called “the book of the throne of GOD” because the throne is mentioned more than 35 times in it.
Around the throne of GOD there are angels called seraphim. In many other passages, these angels are known as cherubim (Psalm 80, 1; Isaiah 37, 16; Ezekiel 10, 3) or as “living creatures” in Revelation 4, 6-11. This is the only chapter in the Bible in which these creatures are called seraphim.
The name seraphim means “those who burn” and the prophet Ezekiel 1, 13 describes in this way also the cherubim (see also Ezekiel 10, 15), “their appearance was like burning coals of fire, like the appearance of torches going back and forth among living creatures. The fire was bright, and out of the fire came a thunderbolt.”
Seraphim, as purely spiritual and intellectual beings, do not address themselves directly to the LORD GOD, but proclaim His glory among themselves, one to another, in the presence of the LORD, giving their praise into the universe.
The “song”, or “weeping” is: “Holy, Holy, Holy” repeating what it is not enough to say simply once. In the Hebrew language, the intensity of a concept is communicated by repetition, saying that the LORD is holy says something, but saying that the LORD is holy three times says much more. The highest possible degree of praise, holiness (qodesh) like essence and root of GOD that stands out from the rest of creation because His “nature” and His ” being ” are entirely divine, and not mere partially like men created in His image (Genesis 1, 26-27).