Psalm 32


1 א Of David, a maskil[1] – Praiseworthy is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is concealed.
לְדָוִ֗ד מַ֫שְׂכִּ֥יל אַשְׁרֵ֥י נְֽשׂוּי־פֶּ֜֗שַׁע כְּס֣וּי חֲטָאָֽה
1 א Blessed is the one whose transgressions are forgiven, whose sins are covered.

ב 2
Praiseworthy is the man to whom the LORD ascribes no iniquity and in whose Spirit there is no guile.
אַֽשְֽׁרֵ֥י אָדָ֗ם לֹֽא יַחְשֹׁ֬ב יְהֹוָ֣ה ל֣וֹ עָו‍ֹ֑ן וְאֵ֖ין בְּרוּח֣וֹ רְמִיָּֽה
ב 2 Blessed is the one whose sin the LORD does not count against them and in whose spirit is no deceit.


3 ג When I was silent, my bones decayed with my moaning all day long.
כִּ֣י הֶֽ֖חֱרַשְׁתִּי בָּל֣וּ עֲצָמָ֑י בְּ֜שַֽׁאֲגָתִ֗י כָּל־הַיּֽוֹם
3 ג When I kept silent, my bones wasted away through my groaning all day long.


4 ד For [both] day and night Your Hand is heavy upon me;
my freshness was transformed as in the droughts of summer, forever[2].
כִּ֚י | י֘וֹמָ֣ם וָ֨לַיְלָה | תִּכְבַּ֚ד עָלַ֗י יָ֫דֶ֥ךָ נֶהְפַּ֥ךְ לְשַׁדִּ֑י בְּחַרְבֹ֖נֵי קַ֣יִץ סֶֽלָה
ד For day and night Your Hand was heavy on me;
my strength was sapped as in the heat of summer.


5 ה I would inform You of my sin, and I did not conceal my iniquity;
I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the LORD,”
and You forgave the iniquity of my sin forever.
חַטָּאתִ֨י אוֹדִ֪יעֲךָ֡ וַֽעֲ֘ו‍ֹנִ֚י לֹֽא־כִסִּ֗יתִי אָמַ֗רְתִּי אוֹדֶ֚ה עֲלֵ֣י פְ֖שָׁעַי לַֽיהֹוָ֑ה וְאַתָּ֨ה נָשָׂ֚אתָ עֲו‍ֹ֖ן חַטָּאתִ֣י סֶֽלָה
5 ה Then I acknowledged my sin to You and did not cover up my iniquity.
I said, “I will confess my transgressions to the LORD.”
And You forgave the guilt of my sin.


6 ו For this let every pious man pray to You at the time that You are found,
only about a flood of vast waters [that] should not reach him.
עַל־זֹ֡את יִתְפַּלֵּ֬ל כָּל־חָסִ֨יד | אֵלֶיךָ֘ לְעֵ֪ת מְ֫צֹ֥א רַ֗ק לְ֖שֵׁטֶף מַ֥יִם רַבִּ֑ים אֵ֜לָ֗יו לֹ֣א יַגִּֽיעוּ
6 ו Therefore let all the faithful pray to you while you may be found;
surely the rising of the mighty waters will not reach them.


7 ז You are a shelter for me, from an adversary You guard me;
with songs of deliverance You encompass me forever,
אַתָּ֚ה | סֵ֥תֶר לִי֘ מִצַּ֪ר תִּ֫צְּרֵ֥נִי רָנֵּ֥י פַלֵּ֑ט תְּס֖וֹבְבֵ֣נִי סֶֽלָה
7 ז You are my hiding place;
you will protect me from trouble and surround me with songs of deliverance.


8 ח “I will enlighten you and instruct you which Way [to go];
I will wink My eye to you.”
אַשְׂכִּילְךָ֨ | וְֽאֽוֹרְךָ֗ בְּדֶֽרֶךְ־ז֥וּ תֵלֵ֑ךְ אִֽיעֲצָ֖ה עָלֶ֣יךָ עֵינִֽי
8 ח I will instruct you and teach you in the way you should go;
I will counsel you with my loving eye on you.


9 ט Be not like a horse, like a mule that does not discern;
whose mouth must be held with bit and bridle, so that when he is being groomed, he does not come near you.

אַל־תִּהְי֨וּ | כְּס֥וּס כְּפֶרֶד֘ אֵ֪ין הָ֫בִ֥ין בְּמֶ֣תֶג וָ֖רֶסֶן עֶדְי֣וֹ לִבְל֑וֹם בַּ֜֗ל קְר֣וֹב אֵלֶֽיךָ
9 ט Do not be like the horse or the mule,
which have no understanding but must be controlled by bit and bridle or they will not come to you.


10 י Many are the pains of the wicked, but as for him who trusts in the Lord- kindness will encompass him.
רַבִּ֥ים מַכְאוֹבִ֗ים לָֽרָ֫שָׁ֥ע וְהַבּוֹטֵ֥חַ בַּֽיהֹוָ֑ה חֶ֜֗סֶד יְסֽוֹבְבֶֽנּוּ
10 י Many are the woes of the wicked, but the Lord’s unfailing love surrounds the one who trusts in him.


11 יא Rejoice with the LORD and exult, You righteous, and cause all those of upright hearts to sing praises.
שִׂמְח֤וּ בַֽיהֹוָ֣ה וְ֖גִילוּ צַדִּיקִ֑ים וְ֜הַרְנִ֗ינוּ כָּל־יִשְׁרֵי־לֵֽב

11 יא
Rejoice in the LORD and be glad, you righteous;
sing, all you who are upright in heart!


1. ASH translation    2. Original language (Hebrew)    3. NIV (New International version)


[1] Maskil (plural: maskilim) ~ Probably a literary or musical term. In Hebrew literally, enlightened; Also, followers of Haskalah, a movement begun by European Jews in the late XIIX century advocating adoption of Enlightenment values, integration into European society, and increased secular education, study of Jewish history, and Hebrew.

[2] The Hebrew word “Selah” is a word of uncertain meaning, here and at the end of verses 5 and 7.

ASH Commentary:

The 32nd psalm (song) of the Book of Psalms, traditionally attributed by King David, expresses the joy of being released from great suffering.
It is divided into two parts: verses 1-5, the psalmist proclaims the joy of seeing his fault remitted by GOD and in verse 6 to verse 11, he shows his confidence in the fact that GOD is the guide on the right path.
The harm suffered by the psalmist is very hard to bear, although we can not know precisely its nature. The Psalm seeks to understand where it comes from, because according to tradition, misfortune most of the time is a consequence of the sins one has committed. But far from being an opportunity to revolt, this event leads him to experience GOD’s forgiveness.


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