Script צִדְקִיָּהוּ (Ancient Hebrew)
From the Hebrew name צִדְקִיָּהוּ (Tzidqiyyahu) meaning “justice of YAHWEH” (or “YHWH is righteous), from צֶדֶק (tzedeq) meaning “justice” and יָה (yah) referring to GOD. In the Old Testament this is the name of the last king of Judah.
The name Zedekiah in the Bible
There are five men named Zedekiah in the Bible, but probably the most famous is the son of Jehoiakim and Hamutal, and last king of Judah (2 Kings 24:17). This man was originally named Mattaniah, and he was the uncle of King Jehoiachin. The latter was deported to Babylon, and Nebuchadnezzar made Zedekiah king in his place.
After four years of reign, he seems to have had an audience in Babylon (Jeremiah 51:59), but later he thought he might succeed in making an uprising against Babylon by making an alliance with Egypt (Ezekiel 17:15), but was captured (2 Kings 25:6). Chaldean soldiers killed his sons in front of him and then gouged out his eyes. They also demolished the Temple in Jerusalem and took everything (king, people, and spoils) away to Babylon.
At Riblah, Zedekiah and his officials were executed and Nebuchadnezzar made Gedaliah, son of Ahikam, governor of Judah, thus ending the Davidic dynasty.
Probably the most enigmatic detail in this account is that the Ark of the Covenant is not mentioned among the possessions taken, but it disappeared from then on.
Other men named Zedekiah are:
A mendacious prophet, son of Chenaanah, who rivals the good prophet Micaiah son of Imla (and probably Elijah the Tishbite as well) in the time of King Ahab of Israel and King Jehoshaphat of Judah (1 Kings 22:11).
Another false prophet, son of Maaseiah, also working in the time of Ahab (Jeremiah 29:21).
A man among the signers of the post-exilic covenant (Nehemiah 10:1).
A son of Hananiah and official in the court of Jehoiakim who is present when Baruch reads the scroll of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 36:12).