1-3: These verses “open” by alluding to the Unity and “royalty” of the Godhead.
His splendor and Mercy are eternal, love is the Essence of GOD, and remembering the description of the Lord of the Worlds (of the Universe) succeeds in dispelling the pain of the believers.
This World can be saved only through His Name, and the eternal Hereafter only through His forgiveness.
Were it not for the message and name of GOD on this earth the home of every servant would be desolate, and were it not for His Mercy and generosity in the Hereafter, the work of His servants would be unbearable and useless.
Were it not for the vision that illumines His heart in Heaven, nothing would make a poor human body happy.
BISMILLAH: To begin a good deed with in the name of GOD (ALLAH in Arabic) corresponds to respect and remember the Creator wishing for the success of the work. It also means that the supplicant undertakes the work in the Name and on behalf of GOD to serve the good in the work and to achieve its purpose. In other words, he dedicates his life to ALLAH and employs his self-interest oriented and global activity in the service of the good. He also admits his powerlessness and relies on the conviction that everything can bear fruit only if the Lord wills it (inshaALLAH) and no one else. Invoking GOD in the Name of His benevolence and mercy, the believer prays for His help to achieve success in his endeavor.
It is a certainty of the believers that nothing exists or has any effect outside the course of GOD’s Will, which governs all activity, but does not determine the desires and methods of any created being, thus leaving everyone free will. Tradition reports that the Holy Prophet Mohammed made it known that anything done without invoking divine grace by reciting bismillah is not approved by GOD.
Anyone can start any work without invoking GOD with the bismillah, and it will also be performed if the divine will allows it, however, any way of remembering one’s belonging to the Creator turns away from mistakes.
In beginning a work in the Name of GOD, the reciter demonstrates aspects of fundamental importance:
- Recognition of the Supreme Being as his Lord and Father
- Confession of his own impotence as a simple man without Knowledge of GOD
- Belief in GOD as omnipresent and omnipotent
- Trust in the Supreme Being, seeking His pleasure and mercy
AL HAMDU: Alhamdu means that “all” praise, thanks, gratitude, must be directed exclusively to GOD, not to anyone else, from the beginning of the Universe until its end, but not out of compulsion, but because the Creator alone deserves to be praised. Not simply for His satisfaction but primarily, for all the blessings and gifts made available to man in his existence. Acknowledge the favors and do not turn your back on Grace.
GOD is love in its fullness and perfection, He does not need to be praised, but in a prayer, He is praised so that the praying person will love and cherish the attributes that are praised, because we are called to imitate GOD.
The omniscient Lord is fully aware of the needs and desires of all His creatures more than they themselves know. He bestows His favors and gifts without receiving petitions from them, yet in order to educate, train, and discipline mankind, prayer, in which He is praised, is necessary, so that man remains attached to the merciful creator, while enjoying the divine gifts, aware of the absolute sovereignty of the Lord of gifts and grace.
“Owner of the Day of Judgment”: This alludes to the permanence of the kingship of Divine Unity and the subsistence of the all-encompassingness of GOD. The Day of Judgment, the Last Day, in which every king and kingdom will end and disappear, leaving room only for the kingship of the Creator, forever. In the existing worlds nothing and no one is outside of His kingship and government, He is the Lord of the worlds and tomorrow the master of the Day of Judgment.
It has been said that the chastisement is near and the reckoning and the reward.
“It is You we worship and You we ask for help”: This alludes to two of the great pillars of religion, around which the journey of those with faith revolves.
The first is adorning the Soul through worship and self-purification (self-improvement). It is about keeping oneself adorned with an adoration that has no eye service and an obedience that has no hypocrisy.
The other is purifying the Soul from associating others with GOD and paying attention to power and strength. It is about purifying one’s Soul, keeping it clean from evil, lies, associationism and corruption, and not depending on one’s own power and strength.
“Lead us in the straight path”: This is the source of prayer and the spinal cord of obedience. It is the supplication, request and entreaty of the faithful, the search for righteousness and firmness in faith. It means, “Lead us on this path, make us travel on it and make us steadfast in it.”