Islamic Canon

According to Islam, the Old Testament is a Divine Text, however corrupted by time and by some Jews (the time and some Christians would have corrupted themselves the New Testament, also considered Divinely inspired). The Quran cites many times in a non-literal way the characters and the events narrated in the Hebrew Bible (as well as in the New Testament and even in the Apocryphal Gospels), suggesting a knowledge orally Old Testament by Muhammad. The Quran is therefore nothing more than yet another (and final) Divine Revelation to men to obey the will of the Creator.
The Islamic view of the Christian Bible is based on the belief that the Quran says that parts of Bible are a revelation from GOD, but believe that some of it has become distorted or corrupted (tahrif), and that a lot of text has been added which was not part of the revelation. Muslims believe The Qur’an, which they hold to be a revelation to the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, was given as a remedy and that it identifies three sets of Books from the Bible as genuine Divine Revelation given to trusted messengers: the Tawrat (Torah) given to Musa (Moses), the Zabur (Psalms) given to Daud (David) and the Injil (Gospel) given to Isa (Jesus). They believe that, together, the Qur’an, these Books, and the Suhuf Ibrahim (“Scrolls of Abraham”, which they believe is currently lost) constitute Islam’s scripture. Belief that this Scripture is Divinely inspired is one of Islam’s fundamental tenets, traditional Muslim teaching stresses those passages in the Koran which affirm the Christian Gospel and the Hebrew Torah as valid revelations of GOD and Paths to Salvation. But there is a harsher, Saudi-influenced view which insists that since Muhammad delivered the final Revelation, Christianity and Judaism have lost their power to save. Despite this, they believe it is still possible to find Muhammad in the Bible.

Islamic view of the Torah (Tawrat)

The Qur’an mentions the word Torah eighteen times and confirms that it was The Word Of GOD. However, they believe that there have been additions and subtractions made to the Torah.

Islamic view of the Book of Psalms (Zabur)

Sura An-Nisa 4:163 of the Qur’an states “and to David We gave the Psalms”. Therefore, Islam confirms the Psalms as being inspired of GOD. The Qur’an mentions the word Zabur three times.

Islamic view of the Gospel (Injil)

When the Qur’an speaks of the Gospel, it is believed to refer to an original Divinely revealed Book that came to Jesus Christ. It does not refer to any Gospel written by any of Jesus’s disciples, such as the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John and other lost Gospels such as that of Peter.

Although Muslims believe that Jesus’ original Gospel has been lost, they believe that hints of the Message of the original Gospel are still evident in the traditional Gospels of Christianity. However, they believe that there have been additions and subtractions made to the real story in these Gospels, much like they do the Torah

Muhammad and the Bible

Certain passages in the Bible have been interpreted by some Islamic scholars as prophetic references to Muhammad, such as Deuteronomy 18:15-22. Verse 15 says: “…a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me;…”

Though Muhammad was not an Israelite, according to Islamic tradition, he was a descendant of Ishmael and therefore traced his descent back to Abraham, like the Israelites.

Mention of Parakletos (English translation commonly “Comforter”) in John 14:16, 15:26, 16:7 and 18:36 have been taken to be prophetic references to Muhammad by Muslims. Christian scholars, on the other hand, interpret Parakletos as the Holy Spirit.

Similarly, the Spirit of truth mentioned in John 16:12-14 has been claimed by some Muslims as a prophetic reference to Muhammad, though Christians consider it another reference to the Holy Spirit.

Qur’anic references to other persons in the Bible

Some of the people found in both the Qur’an and the Bible include; Aaron, Abel, Abraham, Adam, Cain, David, the disciples of Jesus, Elias, Elisha, Enoch, Eve, Ezra, Goliath, Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob, Jesus, John the Baptist, Jonah, Joseph, Lot, Mary, Moses, Noah, the Pharaohs of Egypt, Samuel, Saul, Solomon, and Zacharias.


ASH suggests always seeking its own personal interpretation of Sacred Texts. Unintentional 
translation errors, and conscious tampering of the Writings, have been used too often to 
modify the Texts and control the thought of the masses. There are many reliable links on 
the web where you can find interlinear translations of the Texts in the original language. 
However, the web have to be used sparingly and only in support of the studies, but we still thank 
everyone who makes available their knowledge to the community.

LINKS:
Bible Hebrew Interlinear (OT)

Bible Hebrew-English

Bible Septuaginta LXX Old Greek-English

Bible Vulgate Latin-English

Holy Quran Arab-English

Holy Quran Trasliterated-Arab-English