Torah (Law)

  • Torah (תורה, literally “teaching”, also known as the Pentateuch, or as the “Five Books of Moses”. Printed versions (rather than scrolls) of the Torah are often called “Chamisha Chumshei Torah”” (חמישה חומשי תורה“Five fifth-sections of the Torah”)).
    • 1. Bereshìt (בראשית, literally “In the beginning”). It takes its name from the first word of the text: בראשית Bereshìt. Corresponds to the Book of Genesis.
    • 2. Šemot (שמות, “Names”). It takes its name from the first two words of the text: Ve’elleh Šemot (ואלה שמות, “These are the names”). Corresponds to the Book of Exodus.
    • 3. Vaiyikra (ויקרא, “And He [GOD] called.). It takes its name from the first words of the text: Vaiyikra el Mosheh ( ויקרא אל משה, [The LORD] called Moses). Corresponds to the Book of Leviticus.
    • 4. Bemidbar (במדבר, “Desert”). It takes its name from the first words of the text: Vaydabber Hashem el-Mosheh bemidbar (ידבר יהוה אל משה במדבר, “The LORD spoke to Moses in the desert). Corresponds to the Book of Numbers.
    • 5. Devarim (דברים, “Words”). It takes its name from the first words of the text: Elleh haddevarim (אלה הדברים, “These are the words”). Corresponds to the Book of Deuteronomy.