613 Mitzvot: The list of all the commandments contained in the Holy Scriptures

Which are the 613 mitzvot?

According to the Jewish tradition, the Holy Scriptures enumerates in total 613 commandments (in Hebrew language  מצוותromanized: mitzvot)

The Talmud tells us (Tractate Makkot 23b) that there are 613 commandments in the Torah (Pentateuch for Christians): 248 Positive Commandments and 365 Negative Commandments, however, it does not provide us with a list.
The number of these precepts is full of symbolic meanings, in fact according to the teaching of the Rabbinical Tradition 248 it was considered in fact the number of bones of the human body and 365 are notoriously the days of the year (also the ligaments that connect the bones together); through these numbers the Torah seems to suggest that all our 248 bones must perform the 248 prescribed actions, and that in each of the 365 days of the year we must commit ourselves not to violate the 365 negative precepts.

In practice, however, not all of these precepts are practicable and not all by everybody: some need the existence of the Temple of Jerusalem, which according to the Rabbinical Tradition it can only be rebuilt when the Messiah comes and gathers all the 10 lost tribes of the people of Israel .

Several great Jewish scholars have compiled a complete listing of these mitzvahs. Although they all agree on the vast majority of the commandments, they do disagree concerning a number of them. The arguments are for scholastic purposes only, for they do not disagree over any actual commandment whether it is mandatory or forbidden, they only disagree whether certain commandments are independent commandments, or perhaps they are part of another commandment and are not counted on their own.

(HE)”השלמות הרוחנית של האדם היא להיות יצור אינטליגנטי, שיודע בעיקר ביכולתו ללמוד” (EN)”The spiritual perfection of man consists in becoming an intelligent being, that primarily knows his ability to learn
(Moshe Ben Maimon, Letter to Joseph)

613 Commandments order

The following list mainly follows the opinion of Maimonides, as he lists them in his magnum opus, the Mishneh Torah, but even if Rambam’s list is probably the most widely accepted list, also his opinion isn’t flawless.

1. To know there is a GOD Exodus 20, 2Deut 5, 6

2. Not to entertain thoughts of other gods besides GOD Exodus 20, 3

3. To know that GOD is One Deuteronomy 6, 4

4. To love GOD Deuteronomy 6, 5

5. To fear GOD Deuteronomy 10, 20

6. To sanctify GOD’s Name Leviticus 22, 32

7. Not to profane GOD’s Name Leviticus 22, 32

8. Not to destroy objects associated with GOD’s Name Deuteronomy 12, 4

9. To listen to the prophet speaking in GOD’s Name Deuteronomy 18, 15

10. Not to test the prophet unduly Deuteronomy 6, 16

11. To walk on GOD’s Ways Deuteronomy 28, 9

12. To cleave to those who know GOD Deuteronomy 10, 20

13. To love your neighbor as yourself Leviticus 19, 18

14. Amare gli stranieri, poiché i credenti antenati erano stranieri nella terra d’Egitto Deuteronomy 10, 19

15. Not to hate your brother in your heart Leviticus 19, 17

16. To rebuke wrongdoers neighbor Leviticus 19, 17

17. Not to bear a sin on your neighbor account Leviticus 19, 17

18. Not to oppress the weak Exodus 22, 21

19. Not to gossip about your neighbor Leviticus 19, 16

20. Not to take revenge on your neighbor Leviticus 19, 18

21. Not to bear a grudge against your neighbor Leviticus 19, 18

22. To learn Torah and teach it Deuteronomy 6, 7

23. To honor those who teach and know Torah Leviticus 19, 32

24. Not to inquire into idolatry Leviticus 19, 4

25. Not to follow the whims of your heart or what your eyes see Numbers 15, 39

26. Not to blaspheme Exodus 22, 27

27. Not to worship idols in the manner they are worshiped Exodus 20, 5

28. Not to bow down to idols Exodus 20, 5

29. Not to make an idol for yourself [2nd Commandment] Exodus 20, 4

30. Not to make molten deities Leviticus 19, 4

31. Not to make human forms even for decorative purposes Exodus 20, 20

32. Not to turn a city to idolatry Exodus 23, 13

33. To burn a city that has turned to idol worship Deuteronomy 13, 17

34. Not to rebuild a city that has turned to idol worship Deuteronomy 13, 17

35. Not to derive benefit from rebuild that city Deuteronomy 13, 18

36. Do not follow an individual who wants to lead your people to worship other gods [“you shall not yield to him or listen to him, nor shall your eye pity him, nor shall you spare him, nor shall you conceal him“] Deuteronomy 13, 8-12

37. Not to love the idolater (missionary) Deuteronomy 13, 9

38. Not to cease hating the idolater Deuteronomy 13, 9

39. Not to save the idolater Deuteronomy 13, 9

40. Not to say anything in the idolater defense Deuteronomy 13, 9

41. Not to refrain from incriminating the idolater Deuteronomy 13, 9

42. Not to prophesize in the name of idolatry Deuteronomy 18, 20

43. Not to listen to a false prophet Deuteronomy 13, 4

44. Not to prophesize falsely in the Name of GOD Deuteronomy 18, 20

45. Not to be afraid of killing the false prophet Deuteronomy 18, 22

46. Not to swear in the name of an idol Exodus 23, 13

47. Not to perform Ov (medium) Leviticus 19, 31

48. Not to perform Yidoni (magical seer) Leviticus 19, 31

49. Not to pass your children through the fire to Molech Leviticus 18, 21

50. Not to erect a monument (column) in a public place of worship Deuteronomy 16, 22

51. Not to bow down on smooth stone Leviticus 26, 1

52. Not to plant a tree in the Temple courtyard Deuteronomy 16, 21

53. To destroy idols and their accessories Deuteronomy 12, 2

54. Not to derive benefit from idols and their accessories Deuteronomy 7, 26

55. Not to derive benefit from ornaments of idols Deuteronomy 7, 25

56. Not to make a covenant with idolaters Deuteronomy 7, 2

57. Not to show favor to them Deuteronomy 7, 2

58. Not to let them dwell in our land Exodus 23, 33

59. Not to imitate them in customs and clothing Leviticus 20, 23

60. Not to be superstitious Leviticus 19, 26

61. Not to go into a trance to foresee events Deuteronomy 18, 10

62. You shall not act on the basis of omens or lucky hours [like follow astrology] Leviticus 19, 26

63. Not to mutter incantations Deuteronomy 18, 11

64. Not to attempt to engage the dead in conversation Deuteronomy 18, 11

65. Not to consult the Ov (medium) Deuteronomy 18, 11

66. Not to consult the Yidoni (soothsayers / oracles) Deuteronomy 18, 11

67. Not to perform acts of magic Deuteronomy 18, 10

68. Men must not shave the hair off the sides of their head Leviticus 19, 27

69. Men must not shave their beards with a razor Leviticus 19, 27

70. Men must not wear women’s clothing Deuteronomy 22, 5

71. Women must not wear men’s clothing Deuteronomy 22, 5

72. Not to tattoo the skin for a person [who died] Leviticus 19, 28

73. Not make cuts into the skin for a person [who died] Deuteronomy 14, 1

74. Not to make a bald spot for a person [who died] Deuteronomy 14, 1

75. To repent and confess wrongdoings Numbers 5, 7

76. To say the Shema twice daily Deuteronomy 6, 7

77. To serve the Almighty GOD with prayer daily Exodus 23, 25

78. The Kohanim (high Priest) must bless the believers nation daily Numbers 6, 23

79. To keep the commandments between your eyes [some Orthodox Jew wear tefillin] Deuteronomy 6, 8

80. To keep the commandments on your hand [some Orthodox Jew wear tefillin] Deuteronomy 6, 8

81. To put the commandments [some Orthodox Jew interpretate having Mezuzah] on each door post (“inscribe them upon the doorposts of your house and upon your gates [city gates].”) Deuteronomy 6, 9

82. To write a Sefer Torah Deuteronomy 31, 19

83. The king must have a separate Sefer Torah for himself Deuteronomy 17, 18

84. To make fringes on the corners of their garments, throughout their generations [Ortodox have Tzitzit] Numbers 15, 38

85. To bless the Almighty GOD when eating Deuteronomy 8, 10

86. To circumcise all males on the eighth day after their birth Leviticus 12, 3

87. To rest on the seventh day (Shabbat) Exodus 23, 12

88. Not to do (prohibited/heavy) labor on the seventh day Exodus 20, 10

89. The court must not inflict punishment on Shabbat Exodus 35, 3

90. Not to walk more than 2000 cubits outside the city boundary on Shabbat Exodus 16, 29

91. To sanctify the Shabbat day [Orthodox Jew keep the Shabbat holy with Kiddush and Havdalah] Exodus 20, 8

92. To rest on Yom Kippur Leviticus 23, 32

93. Not to do prohibited labor on Yom Kippur Leviticus 23, 31

94. To afflict yourself and repent on Yom Kippur Leviticus 16, 29

95. Not to eat or drink [complete fasting] on Yom Kippur Leviticus 23, 29

96. To rest on the first day of Passover Leviticus 23, 8

97. Not to do prohibited labor on the first day of Passover Leviticus 23, 8

98. To rest on the seventh day of Passover Leviticus 23, 8

99. Not to do prohibited labor on the seventh day of Passover Leviticus 23, 8

100. To rest on Shavuot Leviticus 23, 21

101. Not to do prohibited labor on Shavuot Leviticus 23, 21

102. To rest on Rosh Hashanah Leviticus 23, 24

103. Not to do prohibited labor on Rosh Hashanah Leviticus 23, 25

104. To rest on Sukkot Leviticus 23, 35

105. Not to do prohibited labor on Sukkot Leviticus 23, 35

106. To rest on Shemini Atzeret Leviticus 23, 36

107. Not to do prohibited labor on Shemini Atzeret Leviticus 23, 36

108. Not to eat leaven (Chametz) on the afternoon of the 14th day of Nisan Deuteronomy 16, 3

109. To destroy all Chametz on 14th day of Nisan Exodus 12, 15

110. Not to eat Chametz all seven days of Passover Exodus 13, 3

111. Not to eat mixtures containing Chametz all seven days of Passover Exodus 12, 20

112. Chametz should not be seen in your houses for seven days (during Pesach) Exodus 13, 7

113. Chametz should not be found in your houses for seven days (durnig Pesach) Exodus 12, 19

114. To eat Matzah (unleavened flatbread) on the first night of Pesach (Passover) Exodus 12, 18

115. To recount the Exodus story of the people of GOD, recalls the story of the departure from Egypt on the evening of Pesach Eve. Exodus 13, 8

116. To hear the Shofar on the first day of Tishrei (Rosh Hashanah) Numbers 29, 1

117. To dwell in a Sukkah (booth) for the seven days of Sukkot (Festival of Tabernacles) Leviticus 23, 42

118. To take up a Lulav and Etrog all seven days of Sukkot Leviticus 23, 40

119. Each man must give a half shekel annually Exodus 30, 13

120. Courts must calculate to determine when a new month begins Exodus 12, 2

121. To afflict and cry out before GOD in times of catastrophe (war) to be remembered and saved from your enemies Numbers 10, 9

122. To marry a wife by the means prescribed in the Torah (nashim) Deuteronomy 24, 1-5

123. Not to have women or men that become prostitutes among the believers Deuteronomy 23, 18

124. Not to deny your wife any basic necessities (“he shall not diminish her sustenance, her clothing, or her marital relations“) Exodus 21, 10

125. Try to having children with one’s wife [“Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it“] Genesis 1, 28

126. To issue a divorce by means of a divorce (Get) document (“it happens that she does not find favor in his eyes because he discovers in her an unseemly [moral] matter, and he writes for her a bill of divorce and places it into her hand“) Deuteronomy 24, 1

127. A man must not remarry his wife after she has married someone else [“her first husband, who had sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, since she was defiled, for that is an abomination before the LORD“] Deuteronomy 24, 4

128. To marry childless brother believer’s widow (Yibum / Levirate marriage) [“the dead man’s wife shall not marry an outsider“] Deuteronomy 25, 5

129. Freeing a widow from yibum if the man does not wish to take his brother’s wife (Chalitzah) Deuteronomy 25, 9

130. The widow must not remarry until the ties (Yibum) with her brother-in-law are removed Deuteronomy 25, 5

131. The court must punish one who seduces and lies with a virgin and not married her Exodus 22, 15-16

132. The seducer (rapist) will be obliged to marry (if she agrees) the woman with whom he lies in bed (“she will be his wife, because he has dishonored her”) Deuteronomy 22, 29

133. The seducer is not allowed to divorce her Deuteronomy 22, 28-29

134. The slanderer must remain married to the wife (who unjustly suspects his wife of infidelity) Deuteronomy 22, 19

135. The slandering husband cannot divorce his unjustly accused wife Deuteronomy 22, 19

136. To fulfill the laws of the woman suspected of adultery (Sotah) Numbers 5, 30

137. Not to put oil on her meal offering Numbers 5, 15

138. Not to put frankincense on her Meal Offering Numbers 5, 15

139. Not to have sexual relations with your mother Leviticus 18, 7

140. Not to have sexual relations with your father’s wife Leviticus 18, 8

141. Not to have sexual relations with your sister Leviticus 18, 9

142. Not to have sexual relations with your father’s wife’s daughter (from your father) Leviticus 18, 11

143. Not to have sexual relations with your son’s daughter Leviticus 18, 10

144. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter Leviticus 18, 10

145. Not to have sexual relations with your daughter’s daughter Leviticus 18, 10

146. Not to have sexual relations with the daughter of your wife Leviticus 18, 17

147. Don’t have sexual relations with the daughter’s son of the woman you married (her niece) Leviticus 18, 17

148. Don’t have sexual relations with the daughter’s daughter of the woman you married (her niece) Leviticus 18, 17

149. Not to have sexual relations with your father’s sister Leviticus 18, 12

150. Not to have sexual relations with your mother’s sister Leviticus 18, 13

151. Not to have sexual relations with your father’s brother’s wife Leviticus 18, 14

152. Not to have sexual relations with your son’s wife Leviticus 18, 15

153. Not to have sexual relations with your brother’s wife (if both brothers are alive) Leviticus 18, 16

154. Not to have sexual relations with your wife’s sister Leviticus 18, 18

155. A man must not have sexual relations with an animal Leviticus 18, 23

156. A woman must not have sexual relations with an animal Leviticus 18, 23

157. Not to lie down [have sexual] with a male, as with a woman Leviticus 18, 22

158. Not to uncover the nakedness of your father or the nakedness of your mother Leviticus 18, 7

159. Not to uncover the nakedness of your father’s brother and you shall not come near his wife; she is your aunt Leviticus 18, 14

160. Not to have sexual relations with your neighbor wife Leviticus 18, 20

161. Not to have sexual relations with a menstrually impure woman Leviticus 18, 19

162. Not to marry a disbeliver woman (“Hittites, the Girgashites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivvites, and the Jebusites”) Deuteronomy 7, 3

163. Not to let Moabite and Ammonite males enter in the assembly of the LORD Deuteronomy 23, 4

164. Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Egyptian convert enter the Assembly of the LORD Deuteronomy 23, 8-9

165. Not to refrain from letting a third-generation Edomite convert enter the Assembly of the LORD Deuteronomy 23, 8-9

166. Not ever [“even the tenth generation“] let a Mamzer (“bastard”) enter in the assembly of the LORD Deuteronomy 23, 3

167. Not to let a eunuch enter in the assembly of the LORD Deuteronomy 23, 2

168. To not offers [“in sacrifice“] to the LORD any animal whose testicles were squashed, crushed, pulled out, or severed Leviticus 22, 24

169. The High Priest (Kohen) must not marry a widow Leviticus 21, 14

170. The High Priest must not have sexual relations with a widow even outside of marriage Leviticus 21, 14

171. The High Priest must marry a virgin maiden Leviticus 21, 13

172. A Kohen must not marry a divorcee Leviticus 21, 7

173. A Kohen must not marry a zonah (a prostitute) Leviticus 21, 7

174. A Kohen must not marry a chalalah (disonored) Leviticus 21, 7

175. Not to come near to any of his close relatives, to uncover [their] nakedness Leviticus 18, 6

176. To examine the signs of animals to distinguish Kosher (“allowed” or that “fit” [the precepts]) Leviticus 11, 2

177. To examine the signs of fowl to distinguish if kosher Deuteronomy 14, 11

178. To examine the signs of fish to distinguish if kosher Leviticus 11, 9

179. To examine the signs of flying insects to distinguish if kosher Leviticus 11, 21

180. Not to eat unclean animals Leviticus 11, 4

181. Not to eat unclean fowl Leviticus 11, 13

182. Not to eat unclean fish Leviticus 11, 11

183. Not to eat unclean flying insects Deuteronomy 14, 19

184. Not to eat unclean creatures that creeps on the ground Leviticus 11, 41

185. Not to eat creature that crawls on the ground Leviticus 11, 44

186. Not to eat worms found in fruit once they have left the fruit Leviticus 11, 42

187. Not to eat creatures that live in water other than fish Leviticus 11, 43

188. Not to eat the meat of an animal that died without ritual slaughter Deuteronomy 14, 21

189. Not to benefit from an animal condemned to be stoned Exodus 21, 28

190. Not to eat meat of an animal that was mortally wounded Exodus 22, 30

191. Not to eat a limb torn off a living creature Deuteronomy 12, 23

192. Not to eat blood of a sacrificial animal Leviticus 3, 17

193. Not to eat fats of a sacrificial animals Leviticus 3, 17

194. Not to eat the sinew of the thigh (sciatic nerve in honour of patriarch Jacob) Genesis 32, 33

195. Not to cook a young goat (kid) in its mother’s milk Exodus 23, 19

196. Not to eat a young goat (kid) in its mother’s milk Exodus 34, 26

197. Not to eat bread from new grain before the offer was made (Omer) Leviticus 23, 14

198. Not to eat parched grains from new grain before the Omer Leviticus 23:14

199. Not to eat ripened grains from new grain before the Omer—Leviticus 23:14

200. Not to eat fruit of a tree during its first three years Leviticus 19, 23

201. Not to eat diverse seeds planted in a vineyard Deuteronomy 22, 9

202. Not to desecrate the holy things of the children of Israel, those that they have set aside for the LORD Leviticus 22, 15

203. Not to drink wine poured in service to idols Deuteronomy 32, 38

204. To ritually slaughter an animal before eating it Deuteronomy 12, 21

205. Not to slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day Leviticus 22, 28

206. To cover the blood (of a slaughtered beast or fowl) with earth Leviticus 17, 13

207. Not to take the mother bird from her children Deuteronomy 22, 6

208. To release the mother bird before taking the children Deuteronomy 22, 7

209. Not to swear falsely in GOD’s Name Leviticus 19, 12

210. Not to take GOD’s Name in vain Exodus 20, 7

211. Not to deny possession of something entrusted to you Leviticus 19, 11

212. Not to swear falsely in denial of a monetary claim Leviticus 19, 11

213. To swear in GOD’s Name to confirm the truth when deemed necessary by court Deuteronomy 10, 20

214. To fulfill what was uttered and to do what was avowed Deuteronomy 23, 24

215. Not to break oaths or vows Numbers 30, 3

216. For oaths and vows annulled, there are the laws of annulling vows explicit in the Torah Numbers 30, 3

217. The Nazir must let his hair grow Numbers 6, 5

218. The Nazir must not cut his hair Numbers 6, 5

219. The Nazir must not drink wine, wine mixtures, or wine vinegar Numbers 6, 3

220. The Nazir must not eat fresh grapes Numbers 6, 3

221. The Nazir not eat raisins Numbers 6, 3

222. The Nazir must not eat grape seeds Numbers 6, 4

223. The Nazir must not eat grape skins Numbers 6, 4

224. The Nazir must not be under the same roof as a corpse [a dead person] Numbers 6, 6

225. The Nazir must not come into contact with the dead Numbers 6, 7

226. The Nazir must shave after bringing sacrifices upon completion of his Nazirite period Numbers 6, 18

227. To estimate the value of the Nazir (when someone pledges a person’s worth) as determined by the Torah Leviticus 27, 2-8

228. To estimate the value of consecrated animals Leviticus 27, 12-13

229. To estimate the value of consecrated houses Leviticus 27, 14

230. To estimate the value of consecrated fields Leviticus 27, 16

231. Carry out the laws of interdicting possessions (cherem) Leviticus 27, 28

232. Not to sell the cherem Leviticus 27, 28

233. Not to redeem the cherem Leviticus 27, 28

234. Not to plant diverse seeds together Leviticus 19, 19

235. Not to plant grains or greens in a vineyard Deuteronomy 22, 9

236. Not to crossbreed animals Leviticus 19, 19

237. Not to plow with an ox and a donkey together Deuteronomy 22, 10

238. Not to wear Shatnez, a cloth woven of wool and linen Deuteronomy 22, 11

239. To leave a corner of the field uncut for the poor Leviticus 19, 10

240. Not to reap that corner Leviticus 19, 9

241. To leave gleanings for the poor and the foregin Leviticus 19, 9

242. Not to gather the gleanings Leviticus 19, 9

243. To leave the gleanings of a vineyard Leviticus 19, 10

244. Not to gather the gleanings of a vineyard Leviticus 19, 10

245. To leave the unformed clusters of grapes for the poor Leviticus 19, 10

246. Not to pick the unformed clusters of grapes—Leviticus 19, 10

247. To leave the forgotten sheaves in the field for the stranger, the orphan, and the widow Deuteronomy 24, 19

248. Not to retrieve them Deuteronomy 24, 19

249. To separate the tithe for the poor Deuteronomy 14, 28

250. To give charity (“you shall surely open your hand to your brother, to your poor one, and to your needy one in your land.“) Deuteronomy 15, 11

251. Not to withhold charity from the poor and needy Deuteronomy 15, 7

252. To set aside tithe for the Kohen (Terumah Gedolah) Deuteronomy 18, 4

253. The Levite must set aside a tenth of his tithe for the Kohen Numbers 18, 26

254. Not to improperly preface one tithe to the next, but separate them in their proper order Exodus 22, 28

255. A non-Kohen must not eat holy things (Terumah) Leviticus 22, 10

256. A hired worker or a Jewish bondsman of a Kohen must not eat Terumah Leviticus 22, 10

257. An uncircumcised males must not eat Terumah Exodus 12, 48

258. An impure Kohen must not eat Terumah Leviticus 22, 4

259. A chalalah [a kohen’s daughter that is married to a non kohen; see Mitzvah 174] must not eat Terumah Leviticus 22, 12

260. To set aside Ma’aser (tithe) each planting year and give it to a Levite Numbers 18, 24

261. To set aside the Second Tithe (which is to be eaten in Jerusalem) Deuteronomy 14, 22

262. Not to spend its redemption money on anything but food, drink, or ointment—Deuteronomy 26, 14

263. Not to eat the Second Tithe while impure Deuteronomy 26, 14

264. A mourner on the first day after death must not eat the Second Tithe  Deuteronomy 26, 14

265. Not to eat Second Tithe grains outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12, 17

266. Not to eat Second Tithe wine products outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12, 17

267. Not to eat Second Tithe oil outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12, 17

268. The fourth year crops must be totally for holy purposes like the Second Tithe Leviticus 19, 24

269. To read the confession of tithes every fourth and seventh year Deuteronomy 26, 13

270. To set aside the first fruits and bring them to the Temple Exodus 23, 19

271. The Kohanim must not eat the first fruits outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12, 17

272. To remember the Torah portion about who believers were (“An Aramean [sought to] destroy my forefather, and he went down to Egypt and sojourned there with a small number of people”), and who they become (“a great, mighty, and numerous nation“) Deuteronomy 26, 5

273. To set aside a portion of dough for a Kohen Numbers 15, 20

274. To give the shoulder, two cheeks, and stomach of slaughtered animals to a Kohen Deuteronomy 18, 3

275. To give the first sheering of sheep to a Kohen Deuteronomy 18, 4

276. To redeem the firstborn sons and give the money to a Kohen Numbers 18, 15

277. To redeem the firstborn donkey by giving a lamb to a Kohen Exodus 13, 13

278. To break the neck of the donkey if the owner does not intend to redeem it Exodus 13, 13

279. To rest the land during the seventh year by not doing any work which enhances growth Exodus 34, 21

280. Not to work the land during the seventh year Leviticus 25, 4

281. Not to work with trees to produce fruit during that year Leviticus 25, 4

282. Not to reap crops that grow wild that year in the normal manner Leviticus 25, 5

283. Not to gather grapes which grow wild that year in the normal way Leviticus 25, 5

284. To leave free all produce which grew in that year Exodus 23, 11

285. To release all loans during the seventh year Deuteronomy 15, 3

286. Not to pressure or claim from the borrower Deuteronomy 15, 2

287. Not to refrain from lending immediately before the release of the loans for fear of monetary loss Deuteronomy 15, 9

288. The Sanhedrin must count seven groups of seven years Leviticus 25, 8

289. The Sanhedrin must sanctify the fiftieth (Jubilee) year Leviticus 25, 10

290. To blow the Shofar on the tenth of Tishrei (Yom Kippur of the Jubilee year) to free the slaves Leviticus 25, 9-10

291. Not to work the soil during the fiftieth year Leviticus 25, 11

292. Not to reap in the normal manner that which grows wild in the fiftieth year Leviticus 25, 11

293. Not to pick grapes which grew wild in the normal manner in the fiftieth year Leviticus 25, 11

294. Carry out the laws of sold family properties Leviticus 25, 24

295. Not to sell the land in Israel indefinitely (“The land shall not be sold permanently, for the land belongs to Me, for you are strangers and [temporary] residents with Me.”) Leviticus 25, 23

296. Carry out the laws of houses in walled cities Leviticus 25, 29

297. The Tribe of Levi must not be given a portion of the land in Israel, rather they are given cities to dwell in Deuteronomy 18, 2

298. The Levites must not take a share in the spoils of war Deuteronomy 18, 1

299. To give the Levites cities to inhabit and their surrounding fields Numbers 35, 2

300. Not to sell the fields but they shall remain the Levites’ before and after the Jubilee year Leviticus 25, 34

301. To build a Sanctuary (Holy Temple) Exodus 25, 8

302. Not to build the altar with stones hewn by metal Exodus 20, 22

303. Not to climb steps to the altar Exodus 20, 23

304. To show reverence for the Temple Leviticus 19, 30

305. To guard the Temple area Numbers 18, 3

306. Not to leave the Temple unguarded Numbers 18, 5

307. To prepare the anointing oil Exodus 30, 31

308. Not to reproduce the anointing oil (for personal use) Exodus 30, 32

309. Not to anoint with anointing oil (a non-Kohen “son of Aaron”)) Exodus 30, 32

310. Not to reproduce the incense formula (for personal use) Exodus 30, 37

311. Not to burn anything on the Golden Altar besides incense Exodus 30, 9

312. The Levites must transport the ark on their shoulders Numbers 7, 9

313. Not to remove the staves from the ark Exodus 25, 15

314. The Levites must work in the Temple Numbers 18, 23

315. No Levite must do another’s work of either a Kohen or a Levite Numbers 18, 3

316. To dedicate the Kohen for service Leviticus 21, 8

317. The Kohen work shifts must be equal during holidays Deuteronomy 18, 6-8

318. The Kohanim must wear their priestly garments during service Exodus 28, 2

319. Not to tear the priestly garments Exodus 28, 32

320. The High Priest’s breastplate must not be loosened from the Efod (priestly apron) Exodus 28, 28

321. A Kohen must not enter the Temple intoxicated Leviticus 10, 9

322. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with unshorn (uneven) hair Leviticus 10, 6

323. A Kohen must not enter the Temple with torn clothes Leviticus 10, 6

324. A Kohen must not enter the Sanctuary of the Temple indiscriminately Leviticus 16, 2

325. A Kohen must not leave the Temple during service Leviticus 10, 7

326. To send the impure from the Temple Numbers 5, 2

327. Impure people must not enter the Temple Numbers 5, 3

328. A man who is unclean because of a nocturnal emission must not enter the Temple Mount area Deuteronomy 23, 11

329. Impure Kohanim must not do service in the Temple Leviticus 22, 2

330. An impure Kohen, following immersion, must wait until after sundown before returning to service Leviticus 21, 6

331. A Kohen must wash his hands and feet before service Exodus 30, 19

332. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not enter the Sanctuary or approach the altar Leviticus 21, 23

333. A Kohen with a physical blemish must not serve Leviticus 21, 17

334. A Kohen with a temporary blemish must not serve Leviticus 21, 18

335. One who is not a Kohen must not serve Numbers 18, 4

336. To offer only unblemished animals Leviticus 22, 21

337. Not to dedicate a blemished animal for the altar Leviticus 22, 20

338. Not to slaughter it Leviticus 22, 22

339. Not to sprinkle its blood Leviticus 22, 24

340. Not to burn its fat Leviticus 22, 22

341. Not to offer a temporarily blemished animal Deuteronomy 17, 1

342. Not to sacrifice blemished animals even if offered by gentiles Leviticus 22, 25

343. Not to inflict wounds upon dedicated animals Leviticus 22, 21

344. To redeem dedicated animals which have become disqualified Deuteronomy 12, 15

345. To offer only animals which are at least eight days old Leviticus 22, 27

346. Not to offer animals bought with the wages of a harlot or an offer made by exchanged a dog Deuteronomy 23, 19

347. Not to burn honey or yeast on the altar Leviticus 2, 11

348. To salt every one of your meal offering sacrifices Leviticus 2, 13

349. Not to omit the salt from sacrifices Leviticus 2, 13

350. Carry out the procedure of the burnt offering as prescribed in the Torah Leviticus 1, 3

351. Not to eat its meat Deuteronomy 12, 17

352. Carry out the procedure of the sin offering Leviticus 6, 18

353. Not to eat the meat of the inner sin offering Leviticus 6, 23

354. Not to decapitate a fowl brought as a sin offering Leviticus 5, 8

355. Carry out the procedure of the guilt offering Leviticus 7, 1

356. The Kohanim must eat the sacrificial meat in the Temple Exodus 29, 33

357. The Kohanim must not eat the meat outside the Temple courtyard Deuteronomy 12, 17

358. A non-Kohen must not eat [certain] sacrificial meats Exodus 29, 33

359. To follow the procedure of the peace offering Leviticus 7, 11

360. Not to eat the meat of minor sacrifices before sprinkling the blood Deuteronomy 12, 17

361. To bring meal offerings as prescribed in the Torah Leviticus 2, 1

362. Not to put oil on the meal offerings of wrongdoers Leviticus 5, 11

363. Not to put frankincense on the meal offerings of wrongdoers Leviticus 5, 11

364. The meal offering of a Priest should not be eaten Leviticus 6, 16

365. Not to bake a meal offering as leavened bread Leviticus 6, 10

366. The Kohanim must eat the remains of the meal offerings Leviticus 6, 9

367. To bring all avowed and freewill offerings to the Temple on the first subsequent festival Deuteronomy 12, 5-6

368. Not delay in paying any vow you make to the LORD Deuteronomy 23, 22

369. To offer all sacrifices in the Temple Deuteronomy 12, 11

370. To bring all sacrifices from outside Israel to the Temple Deuteronomy 12, 26

371. Not to slaughter sacrifices outside the courtyard Leviticus 17, 4

372. Not to offer any sacrifices outside the courtyard Deuteronomy 12, 13

373. To offer (the comunity) two lambs in the fire offering every day Numbers 28, 3

374. To have always a fire on the altar Leviticus 6, 5

375. Not to extinguish the fire on the altar Leviticus 6, 5

376. To remove the ashes from the altar every day Leviticus 6, 3

377. To burn incense every day Exodus 30, 7

378. To light the Menorah every day Exodus 27, 21

379. The High Priest must bring a meal offering every day Leviticus 6, 13

380. To bring two additional lambs as burnt offerings on Shabbat Numbers 28, 9

381. To make the show bread Exodus 25, 30

382. To bring additional offerings on the New Month (Rosh Chodesh) Numbers 28, 11

383. To bring additional offerings on Passover Numbers 28, 19

384. To offer the wave offering from the meal of the new wheat (on the 2nd day of Passover) Leviticus 23, 10

385. Each man must count the Omer, seven weeks from the day the new wheat offering was brought Leviticus 23, 15

386. To bring additional offerings on Shavuot Numbers 28, 26

387. To bring two loaves to accompany the above sacrifice Leviticus 23, 18

388. To bring additional offerings on Rosh Hashanah Numbers 29, 2

389. To bring additional offerings on Yom Kippur Numbers 29, 8

390. To bring additional offerings on Sukkot Numbers 29, 13

391. To bring additional offerings on Shmini Atzeret Numbers 29, 35

392. Not to eat sacrifices which have become unfit or blemished Deuteronomy 14, 3

393. Not to eat from sacrifices offered with improper intentions Leviticus 7, 18

394. Not to leave sacrifices past the time allowed for eating them Leviticus 22, 30

395. Not to eat from that which was left over Leviticus 19, 8

396. Not to eat from sacrifices which became impure Leviticus 7, 19

397. An impure person must not eat from sacrifices Leviticus 7, 20

398. To burn the leftover sacrifices Leviticus 7, 17

399. To burn all impure sacrifices Leviticus 7, 19

400. To follow the procedure of Yom Kippur in the sequence prescribed in the Torah Leviticus 16, 3

401. One who profaned holy property must repay what he profaned plus a fifth and bring a sacrifice Leviticus 5, 16

402. Not to work consecrated animals (“Every firstborn male that is born of your cattle or of your flock you shall sanctify to the LORD, your GOD.”) Deuteronomy 15, 19

403. Not to shear the fleece of consecrated animals (firstborn male) Deuteronomy 15, 19

404. To slaughter the Paschal sacrifice at the specified time Exodus 12, 6

405. Not to slaughter it while in possession of leaven Exodus 23, 18

406. Not to leave the fat overnight Exodus 23, 18

407. To slaughter the second Paschal Lamb Numbers 9, 11

408. To eat the Paschal Lamb with Matzah and Maror on the night of the 15th of Nissan Exodus 12, 8

409. To eat the second Paschal Lamb on the night of the 15th of Iyar Numbers 9, 11

410. Not to eat the Paschal meat raw or boiled Exodus 12, 9

411. Not to take the Paschal meat from the confines of its group Exodus 12, 46

412. An estranged must not eat from the Passover sacrifice Exodus 12, 43

413. A sojourner or a hired hand must not eat from the Passover sacrifice Exodus 12, 45

414. An uncircumcised male must not eat from the Passover sacrifice Exodus 12, 48

415. Not to break any bones from the Paschal offering Exodus 12, 46

416. Not to break any bones from the second Paschal offering Numbers 9, 12

417. Not to leave any meat from the Paschal offering over until morning Exodus 12, 10

418. Not to leave the second Paschal meat over until morning Numbers 9, 12

419. Not to leave the meat of the holiday offering of the 14th until the 16th Deuteronomy 16, 4

420. To visit the Temple in Jerusalem three times per year: on Passover, Shavuot, and Sukkot Deuteronomy 16, 16

421. To celebrate on these three Festivals (by bringing an offering) Exodus 23, 14

422. To rejoice on these three Festivals (“you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite, and the stranger, and the orphan, and the widow, who are within your cities.“) Deuteronomy 16, 14

423. Not to appear at the Temple without offerings Deuteronomy 16, 16

424. Not to refrain from rejoicing with, and giving gifts to, the Levites Deuteronomy 12, 19

425. To assemble all the people on the Sukkot following the seventh year [the king publicly reads portions of the Torah] Deuteronomy 31, 12

426. To set aside the firstborn animals [to be eaten by the Kohanim, and sacrificed unless they are blemished] Exodus 13, 12

427. The Kohanim must not eat unblemished firstborn animals outside Jerusalem Deuteronomy 12, 17

428. Not to redeem “a firstborn ox or a firstborn sheep or a firstborn goat shall not be redeemed, for they are holy.” Numbers 18, 17

429. Separate the tithe from animals [to be eaten by the Kohanim, and sacrificed unless they are blemished] Leviticus 27, 32

430. Not to redeem the tithe Leviticus 27, 33

431. Every person must bring a sin offering for his transgression Leviticus 4, 27

432. Bring an asham talui offering (“conditional guilt offering”) when uncertain of guilt (when a person thought he might have committed a sin but isn’t sure) Leviticus 5, 17-18

433. Bring an asham vadai offering [for certain sins] when guilt is verified Leviticus 5, 25

434. Bring an oleh v’yored offering (if the person is wealthy, an animal; if poor, a bird or meal offering) [for certain sins] Leviticus 5, 7-11

435. The Sanhedrin must bring an offering when it rules in error Leviticus 4, 13

436. A woman who had a running (vaginal) issue must bring an offering (in the Temple) after she goes to the Mikvah Leviticus 15, 28-29

437. A woman who gave birth must bring an offering after she goes to the Mikvah Leviticus 12, 6

438. A man who had a running issue must bring an offering after he goes to the Mikvah Leviticus 15, 13-14

439. A metzora (“leprous” person, one having a skin disease) must bring an offering (in the Temple) after going to the Mikvah Leviticus 14, 10

440. Not to substitute another beast for one set apart for sacrifice Leviticus 27, 10

441. The new animal, in addition to the substituted one, retains consecration Leviticus 27, 10

442. Not to change consecrated animals from one type of offering to another Leviticus 27, 26

443. Carry out the laws of impurity of the dead Numbers 19, 14

444. Carry out the procedure of the Red Heifer Numbers 19, 9

445. Carry out the laws of the sprinkling water [of the Red Heifer] Numbers 19, 21

446. Rule the laws of human tzara’at (Leprosy, see Mitzvah 439) as prescribed in the Torah Leviticus 13, 12

447. The metzora (leper) must not remove his signs of impurity Deuteronomy 24, 8

448. The metzora must not shave signs of impurity in his hair Leviticus 13, 33

449. The metzora must publicize his condition by tearing his garments, allowing his hair to grow and covering down to his mustache Leviticus 13, 45

450. Carry out the prescribed rules for purifying the metzora Leviticus 14, 2

451. The metzora must shave off all his hair prior to purification Leviticus 14, 9

452. Carry out the laws of “leprous” clothing Leviticus 13, 47

453. Carry out the laws of leprous houses Leviticus 14, 35

454. Observe the laws of menstrual impurity Leviticus 15, 19

455. Observe the laws of impurity caused by childbirth Leviticus 12, 2

456. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a woman’s running (vaginal) issue Leviticus 15, 25

457. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a man’s running issue (irregular ejaculation of infected semen) Leviticus 15, 3

458. Observe the laws of impurity caused by a dead animals Leviticus 11, 39

459. Observe the laws of impurity caused by the eight shratzim (rodents, amphibious creatures, and lizards) [specified in the Torah] Leviticus 11, 29

460. Observe the laws of impurity of a seminal emission (regular ejaculation, with normal semen) Leviticus 15, 16

461. Observe the laws of impurity concerning liquid and solid foods Leviticus 11, 34

462. Every impure person must immerse himself in a Mikvah to become pure Leviticus 15, 16

463. The court must judge the damages incurred by a goring beast Exodus 21, 28

464. The court must judge the damages incurred by an animal eating Exodus 22, 4

465. The court must judge the damages incurred by a pit Exodus 21, 33

466. The court must judge the damages incurred by fire Exodus 22, 5

467. Not to steal Leviticus 19, 11

468. The court must implement punitive measures against the thief Exodus 21, 37

469. Each individual must ensure that his scales and weights are accurate Leviticus 19, 36

470. Not to commit injustice with scales and weights Leviticus 19, 35

471. Not to possess inaccurate scales and weights even if they are not for use Deuteronomy 25, 13

472. Not to move a boundary marker to steal someone’s property Deuteronomy 19, 14

473. Not to kidnap Exodus 20, 13

474. Not to rob Leviticus 19, 13

475. Not to withhold wages or fail to repay a debt Leviticus 19, 13

476. Not to covet and scheme to acquire your neighbor’s possession Exodus 20, 14

477. Not to desire your neighbor’s possession Deuteronomy 5, 18

478. Return the robbed object or its value Leviticus 5, 23

479. Not to ignore a lost ox or donkey [objects] Deuteronomy 22, 3

480. Return the lost ox or donkey [objects] Deuteronomy 22, 1

481. The court must implement laws against the one who assaults another or damages another’s property Exodus 21, 18

482. Not to murder Exodus 20, 13

483. Not to accept monetary restitution to atone for the murderer Numbers 35, 31

484. The court must send the accidental murderer to a city of refuge Numbers 35, 25

485. Not to accept monetary restitution instead of being sent to a city of refuge Numbers 35, 32

486. Not to kill the murderer before he stands trial Numbers 35, 12

487. Save someone being pursued even by taking the life of the pursuer Deuteronomy 25, 12

488. Not to pity the pursuer Numbers 35, 12

489. Not to stand idly by if someone’s life is in danger Leviticus 19, 16

490. Designate cities of refuge and prepare routes of access Deuteronomy 19, 3

491. Break the neck of a calf by a stream following an unsolved murder Deuteronomy 21, 4

492. To neither work nor plant that river valley Deuteronomy 21, 4

493. Not to allow pitfalls and obstacles to remain on your property Deuteronomy 22, 8

494. Make a guard rail on your roof when you build a new house Deuteronomy 22, 8

495. Not to put a stumbling block before a blind man (nor give harmful advice) Leviticus 19, 14

496. Help another remove the load from a beast which can no longer carry it Exodus 23, 5

497. Help others load their beast—Deuteronomy 22, 4

498. Not to leave others distraught with their burdens (but to help either load or unload) Deuteronomy 22, 4

499. Buy and sell according to Torah law Leviticus 25, 14

500. Not to overcharge or underpay for an article (selling or purchasing) Leviticus 25, 14

501. Not to insult or harm anybody with words Leviticus 25, 17

502. Not to cheat a sincere stranger monetarily Exodus 22, 20

503. Not to insult or harm a stranger with words Exodus 22, 20

504. If you purchase a Hebrew slave [servant] he shall work for six years, and in the seventh [year], he shall go out to freedom without charge Exodus 21, 1-6

505. Not to sell a destitute brother (that is sold to you) as a slave is sold Leviticus 25, 39-42

506. Not to work your brother oppressively (severely) Leviticus 25, 43

507. Not to allow a non-believer to work oppressively your brother (a believer), he will be “an employee hired year by year“. Leviticus 25, 53

508. Not to have your brother do menial (ignoble) slave labor Leviticus 25, 39

509. When your brother (a Hebrew man or a Hebrew woman) he/she goes free, give him/her a gifts based on how much your GOD has blessed you Deuteronomy 15, 14

510. Not to send your brother away empty-handed Deuteronomy 15, 13

511. Redeem believer maidservants Exodus 21, 8

512. Betroth (enter into a formal agreement to marry) the believer maidservant Exodus 21, 8

513. The master must not sell his believer maidservant Exodus 21, 8

514. Outsiders (non-believers, people “from the nations that are around you”) slaves must work forever (“You shall hold onto them as an inheritance for your children after you, as acquired property”) Leviticus 25, 44-46

515. Not to extradite a slave (“not deliver a slave to his master if he seeks refuge with you from his master”) who fled to Israel Deuteronomy 23, 16

516. Not to wrong a slave who has come to Israel for refuge (“he shall reside among you, wherever he chooses within any of your cities, where it is good for him. You shall not oppress him.”) Deuteronomy 23, 17

517. The courts must carry out the laws of a hired worker and hired guardians (example: guardinan of animals) Exodus 22, 8-10

518. Pay the salaries of poor people or labor workers on the day they were earned (“on his day and not let the sun set over it, for he is poor, and he risks his life for it“) Deuteronomy 24, 15

519. Not to delay payment of wages past the agreed time Leviticus 19, 13

520. The hired worker may eat from the unharvested crops where he works Deuteronomy 23, 25

521. The worker must not eat while on hired time Deuteronomy 23, 26

522. The worker must not take more than he can eat Deuteronomy 23, 25

523. Not to muzzle an ox while plowing Deuteronomy 25, 4

524. The courts must carry out the laws of a borrower Exodus 22, 13

525. The courts must carry out the laws of an unpaid guard Exodus 22, 6

526. Lend to the poor and destitute (believers), not impose interest upon a believer. Exodus 22, 24

527. Not to press believeres for payment if you know they don’t have it Exodus 22, 24

528. Press the disbeliever for payment Deuteronomy 15, 3

529. The creditor must not forcibly take collateral (“When you lend your fellow [believer] any item, you shall not enter his home to take his security“) Deuteronomy 24, 10

530. Return the collateral to the debtor when needed Deuteronomy 24, 13

531. Not to delay its return when needed Deuteronomy 24, 12

532. Not to demand collateral from a widow Deuteronomy 24, 17

533. Not to demand as collateral utensils needed (necessary to survive) for preparing food Deuteronomy 24, 6

534. Not to lend with interest toward believers Leviticus 25, 37

535. Not to borrow with interest toward believers Deuteronomy 23, 20

536. Not to intermediate in an interest loan, guarantee, witness, or write the promissory note (“not to behave toward him as lender”) Exodus 22, 24

537. Lend to and borrow from gentiles (disbelievers, idolaters) with interest Deuteronomy 23, 21

538. The courts must carry out the laws of the plaintiff, admitter, or denier Exodus 22, 8

539. Carry out the laws of the order of inheritance (succession) Numbers 27, 8

540. Appoint judges “and law enforcement officials for yourself in all your cities that the LORD, your GOD, is giving you” Deuteronomy 16, 18

541. Not to appoint judges who are not familiar with judicial procedure (“not favor persons in judgment“) just trust GOD (“you shall not fear any man, for the judgment is upon the LORD“) Deuteronomy 1, 17

542. Decide by majority in case of disagreement Exodus 23, 2

543. [In capital cases] the court must not execute through a majority of one; at least a majority of two is required Exodus 23, 2

544. A judge who presented an acquittal plea must not present an argument for conviction in capital cases Exodus 23, 2

545. The courts must carry out the death penalty of stoning Deuteronomy 22, 24

546. The courts must carry out the death penalty of burning Leviticus 20, 14

547. The courts must carry out the death penalty of the sword Exodus 21, 20

548. The courts must carry out the death penalty of strangulation Leviticus 20, 10

549. The courts must hang those stoned for blasphemy or idolatry Deuteronomy 21, 22

550. Bury the executed [as well as all deceased] on the same day they are killed Deuteronomy 21, 23

551. Not to delay burial overnight Deuteronomy 21, 23

552. The court must not let the sorcerer live Exodus 22, 17

553. The court must give lashes to the wrongdoer Deuteronomy 25, 2

554. The court must not exceed the prescribed number of lashes Deuteronomy 25, 3

555. The court must not kill anybody on circumstantial evidence (“Distance yourself from a false matter; and do not kill a truly innocent person or one who has been declared innocent“) Exodus 23, 7

556. The court must not punish anybody who was forced to do a crime Deuteronomy 22, 26

557. A judge must not pity the murderer or assaulter at the trial Deuteronomy 19, 13

558. A judge must not have mercy on the poor man at the trial (“you shall judge your fellow with righteousness.“) Leviticus 19, 15

559. A judge must not respect the great man at the trial Leviticus 19, 15

560. A judge must not decide unjustly the case of the habitual transgressor Exodus 23, 6

561. A judge must not pervert justice Leviticus 19, 15

562. A judge must not pervert a case involving a stranger or orphan Deuteronomy 24, 17

563. Judge righteously Leviticus 19, 15

564. The judge must not fear a violent man in judgment Deuteronomy 1, 17

565. Judges must not accept bribes (as payoff) Exodus 23, 8

566. Judges must not accept testimony unless both parties are present Exodus 23, 1

567. Not to curse judges Exodus 22, 27

568. Not to curse a Prince (the ruler, head of state, the leader of the Sanhedrin) among your people Exodus 22, 27

569. Not to curse any upstanding (righteous) believer Leviticus 19, 14

570. Anybody who knows evidence must testify in court Leviticus 5, 1

571. Carefully interrogate the witness Deuteronomy 13, 15

572. A witness must not serve as a judge in capital crimes Numbers 35, 30

573. Not to accept testimony from a lone witness Deuteronomy 19, 15

574. Transgressors must not testify Exodus 23, 1

575. Relatives of the litigants must not testify Deuteronomy 24, 16

576. Not to testify falsely (the 9th Commandment) Exodus 20, 13

577. Punish the false witnesses with the same punishment they were seeking for the defendant Deuteronomy 19, 19

578. Act according to the ruling of the Law Deuteronomy 17, 11

579. Not to deviate from the word of the Law Deuteronomy 17, 11

580. Not to add to the Torah commandments or their oral explanations (“You shall neither add to it [the Law]”)Deuteronomy 13, 1

581. Not to diminish from the Torah any commandments, in whole or in part Deuteronomy 13, 1

582. Not to curse your father or mother Exodus 21, 17

583. Not to strike your father or mother Exodus 21, 15

584. Respect your father and mother Exodus 20, 12

585. Fear your father and mother Leviticus 19, 3

586. Not to be a rebellious son Deuteronomy 21, 20

587. Mourn for relatives Leviticus 10, 19

588. The priests (kohanim) must not defile himself through contact with a relative Leviticus 21, 11

589. The priests (kohanim) must not enter under the same roof as a corpse Leviticus 21, 11

590. The priests (kohanim) must not defile himself for anyone except relatives Leviticus 21, 1

591. Appoint a king from Israel (“you shall set a king over you, one whom the LORD, your GOD, chooses; from among your brothers, you shall set a king over yourself”) Deuteronomy 17, 15

592. Not to appoint a foreigner (“you shall not appoint a foreigner over yourself, [appoint] one who is not your brother.”) Deuteronomy 17, 15

593. The king must not have too many wives Deuteronomy 17, 17

594. The king must not have too many horses Deuteronomy 17, 16

595. The king must not have too much silver and gold Deuteronomy 17, 17

596. Destroy the seven Canaanite (disbelivers that lives aroud the Holy Land) nations (“The Hittites, and the Amorites, the Canaanites, and the Perizzites, the Hivvites, and the Jebusites“) Deuteronomy 20, 17

597. Not to let any of those nations remain alive Deuteronomy 20, 16

598. Wipe out the descendants of Amalek Deuteronomy 25, 19

599. Remember what Amalek did to the Israelites Deuteronomy 25, 17

600. Not to forget Amalek’s atrocities and ambush on our journey from Egypt in the desert Deuteronomy 25, 19

601. Not to dwell permanently in Egypt Deuteronomy 17, 16

602. Offer peace terms to the inhabitants of a city while holding siege, and treat them according to the Torah if they accept the terms Deuteronomy 20, 10

603. Not to offer peace to Ammon and Moab while besieging them Deuteronomy 23:7

604. Not to destroy fruit trees even during the siege Deuteronomy 20, 19

605. Prepare latrines outside the army camps Deuteronomy 23, 13

606. Prepare a shovel for each soldier to dig with (“and it shall be, when you sit down outside [to relieve yourself], you shall dig with it, and you shall return and cover your excrement.“)  Deuteronomy 23, 14

607. Appoint a kohen (priest) to speak with the soldiers during the war Deuteronomy 20, 2

608. He who has taken a wife, built a new home, or planted a vineyard is given a year to rejoice with his possessions Deuteronomy 24, 5

609. Not to demand from the above any involvement, communal or military Deuteronomy 24, 5

610. Not to panic and retreat during battle Deuteronomy 20, 3

611. Keep the laws of the captive woman Deuteronomy 21, 11

612. Not to sell her into slavery Deuteronomy 21, 14

613. Not to retain her for servitude after having relations with her Deuteronomy 21, 14

 


[note a] Therefore many of the mitzvot cannot be observed now, following the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, although they still retain religious significance. According to one standard reckoning, there are 77 positive and 194 negative commandments that can be observed today, of which there are 26 commands that apply only within the Land of Israel. Furthermore, there are some time-related commandments from which women are exempt (examples include shofar, sukkah, lulav, tzitzit and tefillin). Some depend on the special status of a person in Judaism (such as kohanim), while others apply only to men or only to women.


Bibliography

  • Eisenberg, Ronald L. The 613 Mitzvot: A Contemporary Guide to the Commandments of Judaism Schreiber Publishing, 2005. ISBN 0-88400-303-5
  • Moses Maimonides, translation by Charles Ber Chavel and Moses ibn Tibbon. The book of divine commandments (the Sefer Ha-mitzvoth of Moses Maimonides) London: Soncino Press, 1940.

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